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  1. We investigated the association of anthropometric indices including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and hip circumference (HC) with the ...

    Authors: Seyyed Saeed Moazzeni, Seyed Saeed Tamehri Zadeh, Samaneh Asgari, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:82

    Content type: Research

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  2. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of adverse outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes, and all new anti-diabetic agents are mandated to undergo cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs...

    Authors: Miguel Melo, Cristina Gavina, José Silva-Nunes, Luís Andrade and Davide Carvalho

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:81

    Content type: Review

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  3. The aim of this study was to compare individuals with type 1 diabetes with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and intensified insulin therapy (ICT) in routine care regarding metabolic control and ...

    Authors: Guido Kramer, Christof Kloos, Ulrich A. Müller, Gunter Wolf and Nadine Kuniss

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:80

    Content type: Research

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  4. Several studies have demonstrated suppressed levels of acylated (AG) and unacylated ghrelin (UAG) in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the role of these hormones in type 1 diabetes has not been extensive...

    Authors: Behiye Özcan, Patric J. D. Delhanty, Martin Huisman, Jenny A. Visser, Sebastian J. Neggers and Aart Jan van der Lely

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:79

    Content type: Research

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  5. Authors: Samereh Abdoli, Monica S. V. M. Silveira, Mehri Doosti-Irani, Paulo Fanti, Katherine Miller-Bains, Elizabeth João Pavin, Edimariz Buin Cardoso, Leila Rafee Vardanjani, Kobra Noorian and Danielle Hessler

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:78

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:63

  6. To investigate the impact of microecological preparation combined with modified low-carbon diet on the glucolipid metabolism and cardiovascular complication in obese patients.

    Authors: Jianguo Liu, Liehui Xiao, Hezhongrong Nie, Yong Pan, Yan Liu, Zhentian Zhang, Xiuping Lin, Yuan Zhang, Jinchuang Cai, Muxiu Yang, Yajing Liu, Leijun Zhang, Aimin Xu and Cuifeng Zhu

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:77

    Content type: Research

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  7. COVID-19 has stroke Brazil harshly, deaths by COVID-19 in Brazil represent almost 13% of the total deaths by COVID-19 in the world, even though Brazilian population represents only 2.6% of the world population...

    Authors: Rodrigo Esaki Tamura, Said Muhammad Said, Leticia Mussin de Freitas and Ileana Gabriela Sanchez Rubio

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:76

    Content type: Research

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  8. Previous studies have analyzed the potential effect of KCNQ1 rs2237892 polymorphism on the predisposition to type 2 diabetes mellitus, but the findings are inconclusive and the subject of debate. The purpose of o...

    Authors: Hong-Liang Jiang, Han Du, Ying-Jun Deng and Xue Liang

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:75

    Content type: Research

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  9. We investigate the effect of aerobic physical training (APT) on muscle morphofunctional markers and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2/Angiotensin 1-7/Mas receptor (ACE2/Ang 1-7/Mas) axis in an obesity-linked ins...

    Authors: Bruno Vecchiatto, Rafael C. da Silva, Talita S. Higa, Cynthia R. Muller, Anna Laura V. Américo, Vanessa C. Fortunato-Lima, Marília M. Ferreira, Luiz Felipe Martucci, Miriam H. Fonseca-Alaniz and Fabiana S. Evangelista

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:74

    Content type: Research

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  10. Pregnant women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at high risk of GDM. It is unclear whether this population has pregnancy characteristics different from the general population. Whether ...

    Authors: Xin Liang, Wei Zheng, Cheng Liu, Lirui Zhang, Li Zhang, Zhihong Tian and Guanghui Li

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:73

    Content type: Research

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  11. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been considered as pivotal biomarkers in Diabetic nephropathy (DN). CircRNA ARP2 actin-related protein 2 homolog (circ-ACTR2) could promote the HG-induced cell injury in DN. Howev...

    Authors: Jie Yun, Jinyu Ren, Yufei Liu, Lijuan Dai, Liqun Song, Xiaopeng Ma, Shan Luo and Yexu Song

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:72

    Content type: Research

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  12. Stroke is a serious complication in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Arterial stiffness may improve stroke prediction. We investigated the association between carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity [PWV] and...

    Authors: Kristian L. Funck, Esben Laugesen, Pernille Høyem, Brian Stausbøl-Grøn, Won Y. Kim, Leif Østergaard, Dora Grauballe, Troels K. Hansen, Christian S. Buhl and Per L. Poulsen

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:71

    Content type: Research

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  13. Serum fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), as an intracellular lipid chaperone and adipokine, was reported to be related to the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and diabetic complications, but its associati...

    Authors: Hong Wang, Jie Cao, Jian-bin Su, Xue-qin Wang, Xing Wang, Dong-mei Zhang and Xiao-hua Wang

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:70

    Content type: Research

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  14. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). DM and CI-AKI result in oxidative damage and inflammation that can be reduced when treated with the coenzyme Q-1...

    Authors: Sheila Marques Fernandes Couto, Cassiane Dezoti da Fonseca, Mirian Watanabe and Maria de Fátima Fernandes Vattimo

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:69

    Content type: Research

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  15. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from Latin American countries face challenges in access to healthcare, leading to under-diagnosis, under-achievement of glycemic target, and long-term complication...

    Authors: Sérgio Vencio, Juan P. Manosalva, Chantal Mathieu, Pieter Proot, Hernan Yupanqui Lozno and Päivi M. Paldánius

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:68

    Content type: Research

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  16. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Himani Thakkar, Vinnyfred Vincent, Sakshi Shukla, Manraj Sra, Uma Kanga, Sandeep Aggarwal and Archna Singh

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:67

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:46

  17. To provide the latest evidence of performance and robustness of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in discriminating clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRs) and promote WHtR in routine primary health care pr...

    Authors: Yuan Jiang, Yalan Dou, Hongyan Chen, Yi Zhang, Xiaotian Chen, Yin Wang, Myanca Rodrigues and Weili Yan

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:66

    Content type: Research

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  18. A new strain of human coronavirus (HCoV) spread rapidly around the world. Diabetes and obesity are associated with a worse prognosis in these patients. Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy (CGL) patients gener...

    Authors: Mayara Ponte Madeira, Erika Bastos Lima Freire, Virginia Oliveira Fernandes, Grayce Ellen da Cruz Paiva Lima, Ivana da Ponte Melo, Ana Paula Dias Rangel Montenegro, José Ednésio da Cruz Freire, Caroline de Fátima Aquino Moreira-Nunes, Raquel Carvalho Montenegro, Jeová Keny Baima Colares and Renan Magalhães Montenegro Junior

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:65

    Content type: Research

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  19. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a prevalent disease among elderly population. As the disease progresses, insulin may become necessary. The use of pens application seems to be more practical. However, the influence o...

    Authors: Rafael Vaz Machry, Gustavo Fonseca Cipriani, Henrique Umpierre Pedroso, Rafaela Ramos Nunes, Thayme Luisa Souza Pires, Raquel Ferreira, Betina Vescovi, Gabriela Pereira de Moura and Ticiana Costa Rodrigues

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:64

    Content type: Research

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  20. The COVID-19 pandemic is a global public health emergency, which presents wide-ranging negative impacts on individuals with diabetes. To examine psychosocial well-being and diabetes outcomes in individuals wit...

    Authors: Samereh Abdoli, Monica S. V. M. Silveira, Mehri Doosti-Irani, Paulo Fanti, Katherine Miller-Bains, Elizabeth João Pavin, Edimariz Buin Cardoso, Leila Rafiee Vardanjani, Kobra Noorian and Danielle Hessler

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:78

  21. Research elucidating the metabolic mechanisms that differentiate subtypes of obesity has been increasing. We aimed to investigate the effects of a 12-week dietary intervention on the metabolomic profiles of ob...

    Authors: Hye Yoon Jang, Youngmin Han, Hye Jin Yoo, Jong Ho Lee and Minjoo Kim

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:62

    Content type: Research

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  22. Prediabetes is characterized by a hemoglobin A1c of 5.7–6.4% and fasting blood glucose of 100–125 mg/dl. A high percentage of prediabetes subjects develop type 2 diabetes mellitus in the next years. The effect...

    Authors: Shatha Rouf Moustafa

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:61

    Content type: Research

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  23. Laminin, one of the largest glycoproteins of the basement membrane, is an important component of the extracellular matrix. Functions of the basement membrane include regulation of cell signaling behaviors and ...

    Authors: Özgür Altun, Yücel Arman, Şengül Aydın Yoldemir, Ayşe Selcen Pala, Perihan Özkan Gümüşkaya, Mustafa Özcan, Mustafa Karataş, Okan Dikker and Tufan Tükek

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:60

    Content type: Research

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  24. To identify genetic associations of quantitative metabolic syndrome (MetS) traits and characterize heterogeneity across ethnic groups.

    Authors: Jia Y. Wan, Deborah L. Goodman, Emileigh L. Willems, Alexis R. Freedland, Trina M. Norden-Krichmar, Stephanie A. Santorico and Karen L. Edwards

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:59

    Content type: Research

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  25. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. CircRNA polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase 1 (circ-PNPT1) has been found to be abnormally expressed in GDM patie...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Ming Zeng, Fei Tang, Jun Chen, Dongmei Cao and Ze-nan Tang

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:58

    Content type: Research

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  26. Adipocytokines, which are secreted by the adipose tissue, contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity-related complications. To evaluate this assumption, we investigated the effects of aerobic exercise training ...

    Authors: Hamideh Dinari Ghozhdi, Ali Heidarianpour, Maryam Keshvari and Hassan Tavassoli

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:57

    Content type: Research

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  27. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is one of the most efficient procedures for the treatment of obesity, also improving metabolic and inflammatory status, in patients with mild obesity. The underlying mec...

    Authors: Eva Lau, Eugeni Belda, Paul Picq, Davide Carvalho, Manuel Ferreira-Magalhães, Maria Manuel Silva, Isaac Barroso, Flora Correia, Cidália Pina Vaz, Isabel Miranda, Adelino Barbosa, Karine Clément, Joel Doré, Paula Freitas and Edi Prifti

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:56

    Content type: Research

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  28. This study aims to analyze the patient-reported outcome (PRO) of treatment satisfaction in a sample of children, adolescents and young adults with long-duration type 1 diabetes and to determine potential risk ...

    Authors: Anna Stahl-Pehe, Silvia Selinski, Christina Bächle and Joachim Rosenbauer

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:55

    Content type: Short report

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  29. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic low-grade inflammatory disease, which characterized by islet beta cell dysfunction. Serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) is an important enzyme that regulates the biological activ...

    Authors: Jie Cao, Hong Wang, Jian-bin Su, Xue-qin Wang, Dong-mei Zhang, Xiao-hua Wang, Wang-shu Liu and Xiao-qin Ge

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:54

    Content type: Research

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  30. We aim to assess the association of empirical dietary (EDIH) and lifestyle (ELIH) index for hyperinsulinemia with the risk of insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, insulin sensitivity, and β-cell dysfunction i...

    Authors: Ebrahim Mokhtari, Hossein Farhadnejad, Farshad Teymoori, Parvin Mirmiran and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:53

    Content type: Research

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  31. This study aimed to examine the effects of l-citrulline (l-CIT) on low-grade inflammation (meta-inflammation) and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients since it has exhibited hypoglycemic and anti...

    Authors: Fatemeh Abbaszadeh, Samaneh Azizi, Majid Mobasseri and Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:52

    Content type: Research

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  32. The adipokine asprosin, which was recently discovered, facilitates hepatic glucose production. The aim of this study is to see whether serum asprosin concentrations are linked to diabetic nephropathy (DN).

    Authors: Rui Wang, Peng Lin, Huibo Sun and Wenchao Hu

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:51

    Content type: Research

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  33. Hesperidin, a natural flavanone, has been proven to have multiple protective effects in diabetic rats, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. However, the molecular mechanisms under...

    Authors: Miao Tian, Yu-Bo Han, Cheng-Cheng Zhao, Li Liu and Fu-Li Zhang

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:50

    Content type: Research

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  34. As a subcomponent of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), small dense LDL-C (sdLDL-C) has been suggested to be a better predictor of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The aim of this research was to evalu...

    Authors: Li Xu, Xu Chen, Jingfen Lu, Yan Xu, Honglin Yang, Xuewen Zhou, Jun Zhou, Jianhong Xu and Hao Shen

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:49

    Content type: Research

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  35. Atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). As most diabetic patients with ASCVD are asymptomatic, it is most neglected in cl...

    Authors: Lu Gao, Wei Zhao, Jin-Kui Yang and Ming-Zhao Qin

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:48

    Content type: Research

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  36. This claims-based retrospective cohort study examined the prevalence and incremental impact of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis among children with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United States. Although diagnose...

    Authors: Lauren Parlett, Qinli Ma, Qian Shi, Geoffrey Crawford, Laura Herrera Scott, Vincent Willey and Abiy Agiro

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:47

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  37. Bariatric surgery can alleviate cardiovascular risk via effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Our study aimed to assess the cholesterol...

    Authors: Himani Thakkar, Vinnyfred Vincent, Sakshi Shukla, Manraj Sra, Uma Kanga, Sandeep Aggarwal and Archna Singh

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:67

  38. HbA1c variability is independent of mean HbA1c, and associated with mortality due to vascular complications. However, the significance of HbA1c variability is unknown at present. In this study, we used flash g...

    Authors: Akemi Tokutsu, Yosuke Okada, Keiichi Torimoto and Yoshiya Tanaka

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:45

    Content type: Research

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  39. The impact of subcutaneous fat accumulation remains controversial. This study assessed the association between visceral or subcutaneous fat area (VFA and SFA, respectively) and diabetes mellitus (DM) among Jap...

    Authors: Hirohide Yokokawa, Hiroshi Fukuda, Mizue Saita, Kento Goto, Tengen Kaku, Taiju Miyagami, Yuichi Takahashi, Chieko Hamada, Teruhiko Hisaoka and Toshio Naito

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:44

    Content type: Research

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  40. Metformin plays a consolidated role in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, there is no clear answer on how long we should treat and on how long its beneficial impact sustain after we s...

    Authors: Nika Aleksandra Kravos, Andrej Janež, Katja Goričar, Vita Dolžan and Mojca Jensterle

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:43

    Content type: Research

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  41. Continuous glucose monitoring systems are increasingly being adopted as an alternative to self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by persons with diabetes mellitus receiving insulin therapy.

    Authors: Marcio Krakauer, Jose Fernando Botero, Fernando J. Lavalle-González, Adrian Proietti and Douglas Eugenio Barbieri

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:42

    Content type: Review

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  42. Obesity is considered a major health concern and mounting evidence suggests that the exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors, including Bisphenol-A (BPA), may enhance the risk to develop the disease. Mo...

    Authors: Amin Salehpour, Farzad Shidfar, Mehdi Hedayati, Ali Asghar Farshad, Asal Neshatbini Tehrani and Saeed Mohammadi

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:41

    Content type: Research

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  43. The aim of the present study was to assess diabetes-related distress in inpatients and its association with metabolic control in people with diabetes type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2).

    Authors: Nadine Kuniss, Guido Kramer, Ulrich A. Müller, Gunter Wolf and Christof Kloos

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:40

    Content type: Research

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  44. To investigate the effects of intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring (isCGM) on blood glucose control, clinical value of blood glucose monitoring and production of urinary ketone bodies in preges...

    Authors: Shu-ying Li, Hang Guo, Yi Zhang, Pei Li, Pei Zhou, Li-rong Sun, Jing Li and Li-ming Chen

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:39

    Content type: Research

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  45. The exact incidence, clinical features and uniform diagnostic criteria of exogenous insulin autoimmune syndrome (EIAS) are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to explore the clinical characteristics of...

    Authors: Zuojun Li, Dan Yi, Lijuan Zheng, Shiran Li, Weijin Fang and Chunjiang Wang

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:38

    Content type: Research

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  46. This study aimed to explore predictive factors of time below target glucose range (TBR) ≥ 1% among patients’ characteristics and glycemic variability (GV) indices using continuous glucose monitoring data in el...

    Authors: Takahisa Handa, Akinobu Nakamura, Aika Miya, Hiroshi Nomoto, Hiraku Kameda, Kyu Yong Cho, So Nagai, Narihito Yoshioka, Hideaki Miyoshi and Tatsuya Atsumi

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:37

    Content type: Research

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  47. Gut leakage has been shown to associate with low-grade inflammation and lower cardiorespiratory fitness in diabetic subjects. We aimed to investigate whether gut leakage markers related to cardiorespiratory fi...

    Authors: Susanne Kristine Aune, Rune Byrkjeland, Svein Solheim, Harald Arnesen, Marius Trøseid, Ayodeji Awoyemi, Ingebjørg Seljeflot and Ragnhild Helseth

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:36

    Content type: Research

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  48. Traditional anthropometric indices are used in diagnosing metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to propose a novel index, a product of waist and neck circumferences (PWNC), and compared its value with tr...

    Authors: Yunhong Huang, Liping Gu, Na Li, Fang Fang, Xiaoying Ding, Yufan Wang and Yongde Peng

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:35

    Content type: Research

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  49. Asprosin, a novel adipokine that raises glucose levels and stimulates appetite, has been proved to be pathologically increased in populations predisposed to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity, and cardio...

    Authors: Aijun Jiang, Zhanrong Feng, Lu Yuan, Ying Zhang, Qian Li and Yuqing She

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:34

    Content type: Research

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  50. Data on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is controversial and so far, there are no published data on the Brazilian population. We investigated the prevalence ...

    Authors: Bianca Senger Vasconcelos Barros, Fernanda Cruz Monteiro, Carlos Terra and Marilia Brito Gomes

    Citation: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2021 13:33

    Content type: Research

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