- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
Impact of group educational actions on diet and quality of life of individuals with diabetes type 2
© Werneck et al. 2015
- Published: 11 November 2015
- Diabetes Type
- Waist Circumference
- Food Frequency Questionnaire
- Group Strategy
- Intake Fruit
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex chronic disease that requires continuous medical care. Nutritional therapy is part of any education program DM and contributes to the achievement of good glycemic control. The current scientific literature shows that educational interventions, especially those based on group strategies are effective on the improvement of results concerning the disease treatment.
Evaluate through an education program the impact of group educational actions on diet and quality of life of individuals with diabetes type 2 (DM2).
This is a prospective clinical trial with 43 patients diagnosed with DM2 at least one month prior to this study. These patients were age 18 yrs. or over, users of private health care insurance. The subjects were individually evaluated before and after participation in an education program, which had five weekly meetings, lasting about an hour and 30 min each. Data collected were socio-demographic and clinical, along with weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), food consumption data (24-hour dietary recall – food frequency questionnaire) and quality of life (BPAID – Brazilian version of PAID scale). Shapiro Wilk test was used to evaluate normality and afterwards the T Student, Wilcoxon, Mann Whitney tests and Kruskal Wallis.
A nutrition intervention strictly based on education in group strategies was effective in improving participants' physical conditions, pattern of food consumption and the quality of life in relation to diabetes. This intervention model may allow for more efficient and cost-effective methods in diabetes education programs.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.