Creating a nutritional traffic light able to help in education for diabetes self-management
© Lara et al. 2015
Published: 11 November 2015
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that requires ongoing medical care, and education on self-management, in order to avoid acute complications and reduce the risk of chronic complications. Feeding recommendation for people with diabetes is no different from healthy people, being based on adequate intake of carbohydrates, proteins and fats adjusted to metabolic targets, energy needs and individual preferences. Educating and motivating people with diabetes to follow continuously eating plan is a major chronic challenge. Applying diabetes education through educational materials reinforcing the theory of good nutrition in order to facilitate the daily meal plan and food choices can be a strategy to improve adherence to nutritional therapy.
To develop an educational material with nutritional information on food labeling that is able to assist the population with diabetes to make healthful choices.
Materials and methods
The educational material was divided into four parts: 1- labeling food; 2- nutritional information; 3- complementary nutritional facts; 4- nutritional traffic light. The traffic light colour approach to nutritional signpost labelling requires criteria that define the green color if key nutrient is less than or equal 5% of recommendation, amber if between 5% and 25% and red if key nutrient is more than 25. The material was applied to individuals with type 2 diabetes and rated by a specific questionnaire in order to verify its effectiveness.
The elaborate educational material was considered satisfactory and fulfilled its role of assisting the food choices of people with diabetes.
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