- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
Nanoparticles containing aqueous seed extract of Syzygium cumini (npasc) protect against oxidized LDL particles in vitro
© Bitencourt et al. 2015
- Published: 11 November 2015
- Antioxidant Activity
- Gallic Acid
- Thiobarbituric Acid
- Atherosclerotic Lesion
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders which affects over 10% of the world population. The diabetes-induced oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) can affect several components of the atherogenic process. Nanodosage forms can provide advantages for herbal drugs, including increase of therapeutic index, improvement of stability and controlled delivery.
To evaluate the effect of NPASc and the major constituents of the extract (gallic acid, GA; chlorogenic acid, CA; rutin, R) on the levels of lipoperoxidation of ox-LDL particles by AAPH, in vitro.
LDL was isolated from human serum (n=6). LDL isolated samples were incubated with/without NPASc, GA, CA and R (0.1; 0.25; 0.5 and 1 mg/mL) at 37°C for 30 min. At the end of incubation, the samples were oxidized in the presence of 20 µM AAPH, for 4 h at 37°C. The oxidation was estimated by measuring the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, nmol MDA/mg of protein). N° of the Ethic Committee (0049.0.243.000-08).
Our results demonstrate that NPASc and the compounds protected LDL particles from the oxidation by AAPH, demonstrating that the known antioxidant activity of S. cumini was maintained. GA and CA showed a significant antioxidant activity, although less than that observed with NPASc; R had a lower effect when compared to other groups. This result confirms the possible antiatherogenic potential of the extract.
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