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Nanoparticles containing aqueous seed extract of Syzygium cumini (npasc) protect against oxidized LDL particles in vitro


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders which affects over 10% of the world population. The diabetes-induced oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) can affect several components of the atherogenic process[1]. Nanodosage forms can provide advantages for herbal drugs, including increase of therapeutic index, improvement of stability and controlled delivery.


To evaluate the effect of NPASc and the major constituents of the extract (gallic acid, GA; chlorogenic acid, CA; rutin, R) on the levels of lipoperoxidation of ox-LDL particles by AAPH, in vitro.

Materials and methods

LDL was isolated from human serum (n=6)[2]. LDL isolated samples were incubated with/without NPASc, GA, CA and R (0.1; 0.25; 0.5 and 1 mg/mL) at 37°C for 30 min. At the end of incubation, the samples were oxidized in the presence of 20 µM AAPH, for 4 h at 37°C. The oxidation was estimated by measuring the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, nmol MDA/mg of protein)[3]. N° of the Ethic Committee (0049.0.243.000-08).


Our results demonstrate that NPASc and the compounds protected LDL particles from the oxidation by AAPH, demonstrating that the known antioxidant activity of S. cumini was maintained. GA and CA showed a significant antioxidant activity, although less than that observed with NPASc; R had a lower effect when compared to other groups. This result confirms the possible antiatherogenic potential of the extract.


NPASc could act to lower the ox-LDL presence in the circulation, reducing the number of proatherogenic potentials thus avoiding the formation of atherosclerotic lesions.

Figure 1
figure 1

NPASc, GA, CA and R activities against ox-LDL in the AAPH assay. Data are mean±S.E.M (n=6). Differences among compounds within the same concentration: *p<0.05 compared to all; **p<0.05 compared to NPASc


  1. Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes: Diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes. 2014, Available at Accessed 29 April 2015

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  2. Ahotupa M, et al: Baseline diene conjugation in LDL lipids as a direct measure of in vivo LDL oxidation. Clin Biochem. 1998, 31: 257-261.

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  3. Okawa H, et al: Assay for lipid peroxides in animal tissues by thiobarbituric acid reaction. Ann Biochem. 1979, 95: 351-358.

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Correspondence to Paula Eliete Rodrigues Bitencourt.

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Bitencourt, P.E.R., Ferreira, L.M., dos Santos Stein, C. et al. Nanoparticles containing aqueous seed extract of Syzygium cumini (npasc) protect against oxidized LDL particles in vitro. Diabetol Metab Syndr 7 (Suppl 1), A1 (2015).

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