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Table 3 Adjusted odd ratios (95% confidence intervals) of insulin-requiring gestational diabetes by fatty liver index score category in subgroups according to age, smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome

From: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the risk of insulin-requiring gestational diabetes

  Subgroup Fatty liver index P for interaction
   < 30 30–59 ≥ 60
Age < 35 1 (Ref.) 3.85 (3.26,4.56) 5.06 (4.02,6.38) 0.03
  ≥ 35 1 (Ref.) 2.92 (2.26,3.78) 4.28 (3.06,5.99)  
Smoker No 1 (Ref.) 3.59 (3.08,4.17) 4.76 (3.86,5.86) 0.78
  Yes 1 (Ref.) 3.23 (2.13,4.90) 5.19 (3.19,8.43)  
Hypertension No 1 (Ref.) 3.53 (3.04,4.09) 4.83 (3.93,5.94) 0.72
  Yes 1 (Ref.) 3.16 (1.78,5.58) 4.49 (2.50,8.08)  
Dyslipidemia No 1 (Ref.) 3.38 (2.89,3.94) 5.20 (4.22,6.41) 0.14
  Yes 1 (Ref.) 4.31 (2.99,6.20) 3.95 (2.52,6.20)  
Metabolic syndrome No 1 (Ref.) 3.19 (2.67,3.81) 3.50 (2.41,5.09)  < 0.001
  Yes 1 (Ref.) 1.62 (1.19,2.19) 2.09 (1.53,2.86)  
  1. Adjusted for age, smoking, alcohol drinking, regular exercise, income status, fasting blood glucose, and dyslipidemia