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Table 3 Multivariable binary logistic analysis for factors associated to microvascular complications among type-2 diabetes mellitus at Dessie town hospitals, Ethiopia 2020 (n = 335)

From: Microvascular complications and its predictors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Dessie town hospitals, Ethiopia

Parameters Categories Microvascular complications OR
No Yes COR (99% CI) AOR (95%CI)
Age 20–39 years 30 7 1 1
40–59 years 139 56 1.72 (0.71–4.16) 1.18 (0.46–3.01)
60–87 years 39 64 7.03 (2.82–17.54) 2.76 (1.02–7.46)*
Marital status Never married 24 9 1 1
Married 184 118 1.71 (0.76–3.80) 0.72 (0.24–2.11)
Residence Urban 174 85 1 1
Rural 34 42 2.52 (1.50–4.25) 1.68 (0.68–4.11)
Education No read and write 31 47 1 1
Grade 1–8 53 31 0.38 (0.20–0.72) 0.63 (0.27–1.46)
Grade 9–10 59 23 0.25 (0.133–0.45) 0.46 (0.17–1.20)
Certificate and above 65 26 0.26 (0.14–0.50) 0.54 (0.20–1.46)
Occupation Employed 49 24 1 1
Private worker 83 34 0.83 (0.44–1.57) 0.53 (0.23–1.24)
Peasants 18 19 2.15 (0.96–4.83) 0.28 (0.07–1.09)
House wife 34 31 1.86 (0.93–3.70) 1.15 (0.44–2.99)
Other 24 19 1.61 (0.74–3.50) 0.37 (0.12–1.101)
Duration of T2DM  ≤ 5 years 160 45 1 1
 > 5 years 48 82 6.07 (3.73–9.87) 4.09 (2.40–6.96)**
Medication Drugs (OHA) 158 65 1 1
Regimen Mixed(oral & insulin) 40 44 2.67 (1.59–4.48) 1.24 (0.56–2.390
Insulin only 10 18 4.37 (1.91–9.98) 2.35 (0.82–6.66)
Hypertension No 150 81 1 1
Yes 58 46 4.93 (3.06–7.95) 3.52 (2.09–5.95)**
Physical activity Good 87 40 1 1
Poor 121 87 1.56 (0.98–2.48) 0.93 (0.50–1.72)
Adherence No 46 20 1 1
Yes 162 107 1.51 (0.85–2.71) 1.17 (0.55–2.47)
  1. OHA oral hypoglycemic agent, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, OR odds ratio, COR crude odds ratios, AOR adjusted odds ratios
  2. Level of significance for factors * p-value < 0.05 and ** p-value < 0.001, Hosmer–Lemeshow goodness-of-fit (p = 0.424), (Variance inflation factor or VIF < 5). Variables such as marital status, residence, educational level, occupation, medication regimen, physical activity and adherence to diet had not significant association (p > 0.05)