Skip to main content

Table 4 Beta coefficient and 95% CI of changes in insulin indices per each quartile increase of nutrient patterns

From: A nutrient pattern characterized by vitamin A, C, B6, potassium, and fructose is associated with reduced risk of insulin‐related disorders: A prospective study among participants of Tehran lipid and glucose study

  Insulin changes HOMA_IR changes HOMA-S changes
Βa (95% CI) P value Β(95% CI) P-value Β(95% CI) P-value
Pattern 1
 Model 1b 0.21 (−0.04–0.47) 0.108 0.09 (0.01–0.18) 0.028 −1.58 (−3.34–0.17) 0.078
 Model 2c 0.23 (−0.03–0.49) 0.081 0.09 (0.01 –0.18) 0.030 −1.47 (−3.22–0.26) 0.097
 Model 3d 0.23 (−0.07 –0.53) 0.137 0.08 (−0.01–0.19) 0.094 −1.46 (−3.19–0.26) 0.097
Pattern 2
 Model 1b −0.00 (−0.26–0.25) 0.962 −0.00 (−0.09–0.08) 0.947 −0.50 (−2.23–1.23) 0.571
 Model 2c −0.04 (−0.30–0.22) 0.751 −0.04 (−0.09–0.08) 0.878 −0.19 (−1.92–1.53) 0.824
 Model 3d −0.04 (−0.34–0.25) 0.784 −0.02 (−0.12–0.07) 0.656 −0.37 −2.08–1.34) 0.670
Pattern 3
 Model 1b −0.25 (–0.51–0.00) 0.05 -0.08 (–0.17–0.00) 0.051 1.13 (–0.61–2.88) 0.203
 Model 2c –0.23 (–0.49 –0.02) 0.080 –0.08 (–0.16–0.00) 0.069 0.81 (–0.90–2.53) 0.352
 Model 3d –0.22 (−0.52–0.06) 0.131 –0.08 (–0.18–0.01) 0.094 0.40 (–1.25–2.38) 0.835
Pattern 4
 Model 1b –0.12 (–0.38–0.13) 0.348 –0.03 (–0.12–0.05) 0.411 0.61 (–1.14–2.37) 0.496
 Model 2c –0.09 (–0.35 –0.16) 0.477 –0.03 –0.11–0.05) 0.490 0.38 (–1.34–2.12) 0.660
 Model 3d –0.07 (–0.37 –0.22) 0.623 –0.01 (–0.12–0.08) 0.712 0.16 (–1.53–1.86) 0.849
Pattern 5
 Model 1b –0.35 (–0.61 to –0.09) 0.008 –0.09 (−0.18 to –0.00) 0.033 1.82 (0.05–3.59) 0.043
 Model 2c −0.36 (−0.62 to −0.10) 0.007 −0.10 (−0.19 to –0.01) 0.022 1.92 (0.18–3.66) 0.030
 Model 3d –0.38 (–0.67 to–0.08) 0.012 –0.11 (–0.21 to –0.01) 0.027 1.78 (0.11 – 3.82) 0.047
  1. aBeta regression coefficient; the positive B values indicated that higher adherence of nutrient patterns increase the higher changes in dependent variables and vice versa
  2. bAdjusted for age and sex
  3. cAdjusted for model 1 and body mass index, physical activity, and smoking (yes or no), energy intake, education levels (under diploma, diploma and associate degree, bachelor and higher), marital status (single, married), and employment status (employed, unemployed). For changes of insulin indexes, their values in baseline phase were adjusted
  4. dAdjusted for models 1 and 2 and diabetes status at baseline and family history of diabetes