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Table 1 Factor loading matrix and explained variances for major nutrient patterns identified by factor analysisa,b

From: A nutrient pattern characterized by vitamin A, C, B6, potassium, and fructose is associated with reduced risk of insulin‐related disorders: A prospective study among participants of Tehran lipid and glucose study

  Nutrient patterns
Nutrients Pattern 1 Pattern 2 Pattern 3 Pattern 4 Pattern 5
Starch     0.40  
Sucrose      
Lactose   0.90    
Fructose      0.55
Glucose      
Animal protein   0.52    
Plant protein 0.80     
Fiber    0.40   
Saturated fatty acids      
Mono unsaturated fatty acids     -0.84  
Poly unsaturated fatty acids     -0.83  
cholesterol      
Vitamin A      0.64
Vitamin D   0.73    
Vitamin E     -0.78  
Vitamin K    0.94   
Thiamine 0.55    0.53  
Riboflavin   0.75    
Niacin 0.52 -0.32    
Pantothenic acid   0.64    0.38
Pyridoxine    0.32   0.46
Folate    0.36 0.58  
Vitamin B12   0.41    
Vitamin C      0.86
Calcium   0.71 0.64   
Phosphor 0.42 0.72    
Iron    0.93   
Zinc 0.60 0.42 0.32   
Copper 0.66     
Magnesium 0.75     
Manganese 0.66   0.51   
Chromium      
Selenium 0.88     
Sodium      
Potassium   0.38 0.55   0.67
Caffeine      
Explained variance (%) 22.0 17.2 9.5 6.8 6.4
Cumulative explained variance (%) 22.0 39.3 48.8 55.7 62.2
  1. aPrinciple Component Analysis (PCA) performed on 36 nutrients adjusted for total energy intake
  2. Nutrients with loadings > 0.40 and less than − 0.40 (in italics) are being characteristic for the five patterns; loadings less than 0.3 (in absolute value) are suppressed
  3. bKaiser’s Measure of Sampling Adequacy, KMO = 0.70, Bartlett’s test of sphericity = < 0.001