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Table 1 Demographic and biochemical factors of the subjects according to different metabolic phenotypes of obesity

From: Association of dietary behaviors, biochemical, and lifestyle factors with metabolic phenotypes of obesity in children and adolescents

Variables MHO (n = 340) MUO (n = 68) P value
Age (year) 12.2 (11.8–12.7) 12.3 (11.7–13.0) 0.74
Sex
 Boy 59.71 (53.78–65.36) 63.24 (50.78–74.15) 0.57
 Girl 40.29 (34.64–46.22) 36.76 (25.85–49.22)
Living area
 Urban 80.29 (72.33–86.4) 82.35 (71.57–89.64) 0.67
 Rural 19.71 (13.6–27.67) 17.65 (10.36–28.43)
FBS (mg/dL) 89.87 (88.20–91.53) 95.30 (91.63–98.98) < 0.001
HDL (mg/dL) 47.19 (46.15–48.23) 38.88 (37.15–40.60) < 0.001
TG (mg/dL) 80.2 (75.3–85.3) 138.6 (123.2–154.0) < 0.001
TC (mg/dL) 153.72 (149.51–157.93) 157.26 (150.15–164.37) 0.32
LDL (mg/dL) 90.47 (86.88–94.06) 90.66 (84.82–96.50) 0.94
ALT (U/L) 8.41 (7.18–9.64) 11.58 (8.78–14.39) < 0.001
SBP (mmHg) 103.7 (102.1–105.3) 108.1 (104.5–111.6) 0.01
DBP (mmHg) 66.3 (64.8–67.8) 73.3 (70.8–75.8) < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 26.10 (25.52–26.67) 28.11 (24.81–31.42) 0.03
BMI (z-score) 1.61 (1.48–1.73) 2.03 (1.33–2.74) 0.03
WC (cm) 78.42 (73.90–82.93) 85.88 (82.72–89.03) < 0.001
WC (z-score) 0.96 (.58–1.33) 1.57 (1.31–1.83) < 0.001
WHtR 0.52 (0.50–0.54) 0.56 (0.54–0.57) < 0.001
  1. TC total cholesterol, LDL low density lipoprotein, WHtR waist to height ratio; Diastolic blood pressure, SBP systolic blood pressure, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, FBS fasting blood sugar, TG triglyceride, HDL high density lipoprotein, ALT alanine transferase, MHO metabolically healthy obesity, MUO metabolically unhealthy obesity