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Table 3 Score in psychological tests

From: Gender differences in quality of life in adults with long-standing type 1 diabetes mellitus

Variables Total (n = 312) Male (n = 161) CI Female (n = 151) CI
Fear of hypoglycemia 26 (20–33) 25 (19–32) 25.3–28.2 26 (21–34) 24.4–27.6
Depression (Beck) 4 (2–11) 4 (2–9) 3.0–5.1 5 (2–13*) 3.8–6.4
State anxiety (STAI-S) 13 (7–22) 12 (6–18.5) 10.3–13.7 15 (9–27*) 13.5–17.5
Trait anxiety (STAI-T) 16 (10–26) 15 (8.5–24.5) 14.1–17.4 18.5 (11–27*) 16.0–20.7
  1. Values are expressed by median and interquartile range; *p < 0.05. CI 95%-confidence interval