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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with T2D on follow-up in Ethiopia, 2019

From: Predictors of poor adherence to antidiabetic therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study insight from Ethiopia

Variables Categories Study participants (N = 357)
Frequency (%)
Sex Male 162 (45.4)
Female 195 (54.6)
Age (years) Mean ± SD 59.4 ± 13.1
20–40 22 (6.2)
41–60 188 (52.7)
> 60 147 (41.1)
Marital status Single 13 (3.6)
Married 308 (86.2)
Divorced 20 (5.6)
Widowed 16 (4.5)
Religious Orthodox 294 (82.3)
Muslim 36 (10.1)
Protestant 27 (7.6)
Residence Rural 304 (85.2)
Urban 53 (14.8)
Level of education No formal education 50 (14.0)
Primary (1–8) 63 (17.6)
Secondary (9–12) 103 (28.9)
College and above 141 (39.5)
Employment status Employed 201 (56.3)
Unemployed 156 (43.7)
Smoking habit Current smoker 2 (0.6)
Ex/never smoker 355 (99.2)
Regular alcohol use Yes 40 (11.2)
No 317 (87.8)
Adherence to regular physical activity Yes 252 (70.6)
No 105 (29.4)
Duration of diabetes (years) Mean ± SD 11.64 ± 6.95
1–5 67 (18.8)
5–10 105 (29.40
11–15 95 (26.6)
> 15 90 (25.2)
BMI (kg/m2), (n = 71) Mean ± SD 27.15 ± 4.46
Average of FBG (mg/dL) Mean ± SD 172.60 ± 44.
Poor glycemic control < 70 or > 130 295 (82.6)
Good glycemic control 70–130 62 (17.4)
Presence of co morbidities Yes 278 (77.9)
No 79 (22.1)
Hypertension 188 (52.7)
Dyslipidemia 171 (47.9)
IHD 37 (10.4)
Others* 50 (14.0)
Number of comorbidities per patient Mean ± SD 1.66 ± 0.66
1–2 252 (70.6)
≥ 3 26 (7.3)
Presence of diabetes complication Yes 115 (32.2)
No 242 (67.8)
Neuropathy 87 (24.4)
Retinopathy 25 (7.0)
Nephropathy 18 (5.0)
Number of complications per patient Mean ± SD 1.22 ± 0.53
1–2 108 (30.3)
≥ 3 5 (1.4)
Level of adherence Adherent 268 (75.0)
Non-adherent 89 (25.0)
  1. Others*: Asthma and Thyroid disorders. FBG Fasting Blood Glucose, IHD Ischemic heart disease, SMBG Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose