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Table 3 Characteristics of neonates

From: Effect of L. acidophilus and B. lactis on blood glucose in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

Characteristics Probiotic yoghurt group (n = 42) Conventional yoghurt group (n = 42) p value*
Gestational age (weeks)* 37.7 ± 1.9 38.1 ± 1.3 0.25
Weight (g)* 3105.7 ± 533.8 3435 ± 473.5 0.004
Length (cm)* 49.8 ± 3.5 50.5 ± 2.9 0.61
Head circumference (cm)* 36 ± 2.3 36.2 ± 2 0.76
Macrosomia** 2 (4.8) 8 (19) 0.04
Admission to NICU** 2 (4.8) 3 (7.1) 0.64
  1. NICU, Neonatal intensive care unit
  2. * Data are expressed as mean (SD) and p value based on independent t-test
  3. ** Frequency (percent) is reported and p value based on Chi-squared test