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Table 1 Characteristics of patients

From: Effect of L. acidophilus and B. lactis on blood glucose in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

Characteristics Probiotic yoghurt group (n = 42) Conventional yoghurt group (n = 42) p value*
Age (year) 31.64 ± 5.97 31.61 ± 5.49 0.98
History of GDM (n (%)) 0 4(9.5) 0.11
Smoking (n (%)) 0 4(9.5) 0.11
Weight (kg) (mean ± SD) 79.5 ± 17.31 73.73 ± 17.74 0.13
Height (cm) (mean ± SD) 161.32 ± 4.98 161 ± 4.64 0.76
BMI (kg/m2) (mean ± SD) 31.67 ± 5.44 29.67 ± 3.03 0.06
SBP (mmHg) (mean ± SD) 111.66 ± 4.89 111.05 ± 63 0.66
DBP (mmHg) (mean ± SD) 71.19 ± 4.52 72.63 ± 6.44 0.24
Activity    
 Light (n (%)) 11 (26.2) 5 (11.9) 0.09
 Heavy (n (%)) 31 (73.8) 37 (88.1)
FBG (mg/dl) 97.1 ± 9.4 96.4 ± 10.4 0.24
HbA1c (mmol/mol) 5.65 ± 0.67 5.86 ± 1.12 0.48
  1. GDM gestational diabetes mellitus, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin
  2. p values indicate comparison between groups (χ2 or independent-sample t test, as appropriate)