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Table 1 Crude characteristics of categorical variables of participants

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and the comparison of fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c as the glycemic criterion for MetS definition in non-diabetic population in Ghana

Parameter Overall Normotensive; n = 106/40.2% Hypertensive; n = 158/59.8% P-value
Age (years) 50.33 ± 10.2 49.77 ± 10.6 50.81 ± 10.3 0.427
Gender
 Females 157 (59.5) 57 (53.8) 100 (63.3) 0.127
 Males 107 (40.5) 49 (46.2) 58 (36.7)
Marital status
 Single 18 (6.8) 14 (13.2) 4 (2.5) 0.007
 Married 197 (74.6) 81 (76.4) 116 (73.4)
 Divorced 27 (10.2) 6 (5.7) 21 (13.3)
 Widowed 22 (8.3) 5 (4.7) 17 (10.8)
Education status
 Illiterate 55 (20.8) 25 (23.6) 30 (19.0) 0.009
 Primary 141 (53.4) 45 (42.5) 96 (60.8)
 Secondary 54 (20.5) 31 (29.2) 23 (14.6)
 Tertiary 14 (5.3) 5 (4.7) 9 (5.7)
Major occupation
 Unemployed 19 (7.2) 5 (4.7) 14 (8.9) 0.023
 Farmer 87 (33.0) 39 (36.7) 48 (30.4)
 Trader 83 (31.4) 23 (21.7) 60 (38.0)
 Nurse 7 (2.7) 4 (3.8) 3 (1.9)
 Teacher 17 (6.4) 7 (6.6) 10 (6.3)
 Beautician 8 (3.0) 6 (5.7) 2 (1.3)
 Other 43 (16.3) 22 (20.8) 21 (13.3)
Smoking status
 No 251 (95.1) 102 (96.2) 149 (94.3) 0.640
 Yes 5 (1.9) 1 (0.9) 4 (2.5)
 Former 8 (3.0) 3 (2.8) 5 (3.2)
Drinking status
 No 227 (86.0) 77 (72.6) 150 (94.9) < 0.0001
 Yes 20 (7.6) 18 (17.0) 2 (1.3)
 Former 17 (6.4) 11 (10.4) 6 (3.8)