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Table 4 Results of the effectiveness of educational intervention on adherence to a healthy diet as well as changes in levels of FBS and HbA1c in patients in study groups before and after intervention

From: Effectiveness of educational intervention based on psychological factors on achieving health outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes

Variable Time group Baseline mean ± SD 3-month follow-up mean ± SD p-value*
Adherence to a healthy diet Intervention 37.94 ± 12.85 54.77 ± 8.67 0.000
Control 36.02 ± 9.73 37.21 ± 9.12 0.059
p-value** 0.458 0.000
FBS Intervention 147.97 ± 51.56 113 ± 24.08 0.000
Control 160.57 ± 60.90 147.82 ± 48.79 0.000
p-value** 0.225 0.000
HbA1c Intervention 7.15 ± 1.68 6.18 ± 0.90 0.000
Control 7.46 ± 1.89 8.13 ± 8.01 0.024
p-value** 0.304 0.000
  1. * Wilcoxon signed-rank test, ** Mann–Whitney U test