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Table 1 Clinical and demographic data of patients in the pooled group

From: Serum uric acid and renal function in patients with type 1 diabetes: a nationwide study in Brazil

Variables All patients
N 1686
Gender, n (% female) 942 (55.8)
Age, year 30.1 ± 12.0
Duration of diabetes, year 15.4 ± 9.3
Years of study 12.2 ± 3.8
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Caucasian 911 (54)
 Non-caucasian 774 (46)
Economic status, n (%)
 High 52 (3.1)
 Medium 764 (45.3)
 Low 815 (48.3)
 Very low 55 (3.3)
Geographic region, n (%)
 Southeast 787 (46.7)
 South 223 (13.2)
 North/Northeast 470 (27.9)
 Mid-West 206 (12.2)
Diabetes management and glycemic control
 Insulin dose (units/kg/day) 0.8 ± 0.4
 HbA1c (%) 9.0 ± 2.1
 HbA1c (mmol/mol) 75 ± 23
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Cigarette smoking, n (%) 89 (5.3)
 Hypertension, n (%) 294 (17.4)
 Dyslipidemia, n (%) 359 (21.3)
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 121.6 ± 16.2
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 75.0 ± 10.4
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.1 ± 4.1
 Serum uric acid (mg/dl) 5.1 ± 1.9
 Mean albuminuria (mg/dl) 59.3 ± 309.4
 Waist circumference (cm) 82.7 (11.5)
  1. y years, data are presented as number (percentage) or mean ± SD