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Table 1 Characteristics of groups in clustering of risk factors for MetS

From: Arterial stiffness and its association with clustering of metabolic syndrome risk factors

Characteristics Total MetS (n = 64) 5 factors (n = 8) 4 factors (n = 27) 3 factors (n = 29) Control (n = 17)
Female sex (n/%) 35/55 03/38 15/56 17/59 11/65
Age (years) 49 ± 8 54 ± 8 49 ± 8 47 ± 7 49 ± 6
BMI (kg/m2) 32 ± 4* 32 ± 2* 32 ± 5* 32 ± 3* 27 ± 2
MetS risk factors and prevalence
 WC (cm) 106 ± 9*
94%
109 ± 6*
100%
107 ± 11*
96%
104 ± 7*
90%
93 ± 7
47%
 TG (mg/dL) 178 ± 78*
59%
250 ± 85*
100%
183 ± 68*
67%
154 ± 75*
41%
92 ± 59
6%
 HDL-c (mg/dL) 41 ± 10*
80%
35 ± 3*
100%
39 ± 7*
93%
45 ± 12*
62%
59 ± 16
18%
 BG (mg/dL) 103 ± 10*
59%
107 ± 4*
100%
105 ± 11*
74%
100 ± 12
35%
92 ± 7
18%
 SBP (mmHg) 129 ± 13*
58%
136 ± 15*
88%
128 ± 14*
52%
128 ± 13*
55%
111 ± 7
0%
 DBP (mmHg) 84 ± 11*
55%
93 ± 9*
88%
81 ± 11*
44%
84 ± 11*
55%
71 ± 9
6%
  1. Mean value ± standard deviation
  2. MetS metabolic syndrome, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, TG triglycerides, HDL-c high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, BG blood glucose, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure
  3. * p < 0.05 vs. control
  4.  p < 0.05 vs. 3 risk factors