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Table 2 Clinical and metabolic variables of the apneic and non-apneic patients

From: Prevalence and severity of syndrome Z in women with metabolic syndrome on waiting list for bariatric surgery: a cross-sectional study

Variables All patients NO-OSA Mild OSA Moderate OSA Severe OSA P
(n = 83) (n = 20) (n = 23) (n = 17) (n = 23)
SBP (mmHg) 137.6 ± 11.6 126.2 ± 7.4 136 ± 11.6a 139.1 ± 8.3a 148.1 ± 5.4a, b, c ***
DBP (mmHg) 86.0 ± 5.3 84.5 ± 7 85 ± 3.9 85.9 ± 5.3 88.5 ± 4  
Glycose (mg/dl) 124.3 ± 34.3 99.8 ± 14.5 117.6 ± 22.6 139.7 ± 41.6a 142.3 ± 36.5a ***
TC (mg/l) 237.2 ± 30.2 183.7 ± 118.1 198.3 ± 36.8 186.2 ± 30.5 181.5 ± 38.3  
Tg (mg/dl) 187.6 ± 64.9 221.9 ± 41.9 244 ± 25.7 234.7 ± 25.5 245.6 ± 20.1  
HDL (mg/dl) 40.1 ± 6.0 42.3 ± 7.5 41.2 ± 7.2 39 ± 6.6 38 ± 4.1  
LDL (mg/dl) 132.5 ± 33.1 140.6 ± 30.6 128 ± 30.3 124.8 ± 31.6 135.5 ± 38.8  
VLDL (mg/dl) 312.5 ± 17 39.2 ± 22.4 26.6 ± 12 28.9 ± 12.8 31.1 ± 17.4  
  1. OSA obstructive sleep apnea, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol, Tg triglycerides; HDL high density lipoprotein, LDL low density lipoprotein, VLDL very low density lipoprotein, SD standard deviation
  2. *** P < 0.001; data are expressed as mean (± SD)
  3. ano-OSA vs mild OSA, moderate OSA or severe OSA
  4. bmild OSA vs severe OSA
  5. cModerate OSA vs severe OSA