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Table 1 Blood glucose profile and HbA1C of the study population during the post-meal and one-time daily exercise

From: Impact of post-meal and one-time daily exercise in patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized crossover study

Group A (n = 32)
Blood glucose (mmol/L) Post-meal exercise One-time daily exercise
Day 1 Day 30 Day 60 p Day 60 Day 90 Day 120 p
4 a.m. 7.2 (4.7–7.6) 5.3 (4.5–5.9) 4.9 (4.4–5.4) 0.001* 4.9 (4.4–5.4) 5.9 (5.8–6.4) 6.1 (5.8–6.6) <0.001*
FPG 7.2 (5.9–8.6) 6.5 (5.3–6.9) 5.9 (5.7–6.2) 0.001* 5.9 (5.7–6.2) 6.9 (6.6–7.4) 7.1 (6.6–7.6) <0.001*
PBG 10.6 (8.9–12.2) 8.7 (7.5–9.9) 7.3 (6.9–8.0) <0.001* 7.3 (6.9–8.0) 8.2 (7.7–9.2) 9.1 (8.5–10.7) <0.001*
PLG 11.5 (9.9–12.5) 8.7 (7.5–10.8) 7.3 (7.0–8.2) <0.001* 7.3 (7.0–8.2) 8.7 (7.5–10.8) 9.4 (7.0–9.2) <0.001*
PDG 10.4 (8.7–12.5) 7.9 (7.1–10.8) 7.6 (7.1–10.9) <0.001* 7.6 (7.1–10.9) 8.7 (8.0–10.2) 9.3 (8.6–10.6) <0.001*
HbA1C (%) 7.9 (6.9–9.1) 7.0 (6.4–7.9) <0.001* 7.0 (6.4–7.9) 7.6 (6.9–8.6) <0.001*
Group B (n = 32)
Blood glucose (mmol/L) One-time daily exercise Post-meal exercise
Day 1 Day 30 Day 60 p Day 60 Day 90 Day 120 p
4 a.m. 6.5 (5.6–8.4) 6.6 (5.9–7.8) 6.4 (5.6–8.9) 0.026* 6.4 (5.6–8.9) 6.2 (5.8–6.9) 5.9 (5.3–6.4) <0.001*
FPG 6.6 (5.9–8.3) 6.9 (6.3–8.7) 7.3 (7.3–6.5) 0.002* 7.3 (7.3–6.5) 6.8 (6.3–7.6) 6.6 (5.9–7.1) 0.001*
PBG 8.9 (7.4–12.0) 8.8 (7.6–12.2) 8.7 (7.7–11.8) 0.417 8.7 (7.7–11.8) 8.5 (7.6–10.4) 7.7 (7.3–9.4) <0.001*
PLG 10.1 (8.3–12.6) 9.7 (7.9–12.3) 10.0 (8.2–12.4) 0.315 10.0 (8.2–12.4) 8.3 (7.9–10.0) 8.3 (7.6–9.3) <0.001*
PDG 10.4 (7.8–11.4) 10.8 (8.4–11.8) 10.9 (8.4–11.7) 0.027* 10.9 (8.4–11.7) 8.9 (8.1–10.3) 8.6 (7.7–8.9) <0.001*
HbA1C (%) 7.8 (7.3–8.5) 7.9 (7.5–9.1) 0.235 7.9 (7.5–9.1) 7.5 (6.8–8.4) <0.001*
  1. All values are expressed as median and interquartile range
  2. FPG fasting plasma glucose, PBG post-breakfast glucose, PLG post-lunch glucose, PDG post-dinner glucose
  3. * Significant difference from baseline