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Table 4 Influence of metabolic syndrome components on ECG parameters

From: Association of metabolic syndrome and electrocardiographic markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease

ECG parameter Waist circumference Triglycerides HDL-cholesterol Blood pressure Fasting glucose
Heart rate (bpm) 2.4 (1.6, 3.2) 3.2 (2.2, 4.1) −0.3 (−1.2, 0.7) 1.8 (1.1, 2.5) 2.2 (1.4, 3.1)
P duration (ms) 3.4 (2.3, 4.4) −0.6 (−1.9, 0.7) 1.7 (0.3, 3.0) 1.1 (0.0, 2.2) −0.8 (−2.0, 0.4)
QRS duration (ms) 1.0 (0.1, 1.9) −0.5 (−1.5, 0.6) 0.2 (−0.8, 1.2) 1.4 (0.4, 2.4) −0.1 (−1.1, 1.0)
PR interval (ms) 2.4 (0.6, 4.3) −1.5 (−3.9, 0.8) 3.6 (1.2, 6.1) 0.4 (−1.6, 2.5) −3.5 (−5.4, −1.6)
QTc interval (ms) 2.7 (1.0, 4.3) 0.1 (−2.0, 2.1) 1.8 (−0.1, 3.8) 1.9 (0.2, 3.7) −0.9 (−2.7, 1.0)
P axis (°) −7.4 (−9.4, −5.3) −0.6 (−2.9, 1.6) −2.0 (−4.6, 0.6) −1.9 (−4.1, 0.2) 1.0 (−1.3, 3.2)
T axis (°) −5.2 (−7.1, −3.3) −0.2 (−2.5, 2.2) −2.0 (−4.4, 0.4) −2.7 (−4.7, −0.8) 1.2 (−0.8, 3.2)
QRS axis (°) −12.9 (−15.2, −10.5) −2.5 (−5.5, 0.5) −4.5 (−7.7, −1.4) −5.6 (−8.2, −3.0) −2.7 (−5.4, 0.0)
Small Q-wave (%) 1.9 (0.2, 3.6) 1.6 (−0.7, 3.9) 0.7 (−1.7, 3.2) 1.0 (−0.8, 2.8) 0.4 (−1.6, 2.3)
  1. Data are presented as β (95% CI). Results were based on weighted analysis
  2. Multivariate model adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, smoking, alcohol intake, education level, physical activity, statin use and the other MetS components