Skip to main content

Table 1 Associations of poor sleep complaints and baseline characteristics with complications in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus

From: Association of diabetic vascular complications with poor sleep complaints

Microangiopathies DKD Retinopathy Neuropathy
Absent Present P value Absent Present P value Absent Present P value
Complaints of poor sleep
 Difficulty fall asleep 232 (28.1) 98 (27.2) 0.778 208 (26.8) 124 (30.0) 0.250 110 (24.0) 224 (30.3) 0.020
 Early awake 394 (47.7) 204 (56.7) 0.005 370 (47.7) 230 (55.6) 0.011 200 (43.7) 402 (54.3) 0.000
 Short sleep <6 h 374 (45.3) 186 (51.7) 0.043 372 (47.9) 186 (44.9) 0.330 198 (43.2) 366 (49.5) 0.037
 Long sleep >9 h 22 (2.8) 18 (5.2) 0.057 16 (2.2) 24 (6.0) 0.002 16 (3.6) 24 (3.5) 1.000
 Male (%) 402 (51.9%) 212 (60.9%) 0.005 420 (58.0%) 194 (48.3%) 0.002 362 (52.5%) 258 (58.1%) 0.067
 Age (years) 56.13 ± 11.20 57.21 ± 11.63 0.149 55.75 ± 11.72 57.78 ± 10.41 0.004 52.64 ± 12.63 58.91 ± 9.63 0.000
 BMI (kg/m2) 26.17 ± 3.95 27.34 ± 3.71 0.000 26.53 ± 4.01 26.43 ± 3.77 0.690 26.59 ± 4.06 26.47 ± 3.83 0.639
 Diabetes duration (years) 8.18 ± 7.26 10.68 ± 7.38 0.000 7.19 ± 6.75 12.13 ± 7.54 0.000 5.48 ± 6.27 11.20 ± 7.23 0.000
 SBP (mmHg) 130.63 ± 14.01 136.06 ± 17.57 0.000 131.29 ± 14.8 134.65 ± 16.2 0.005 130.94 ± 15.4 133.15 ± 15.27 0.019
 DBP (mmHg) 80.01 ± 8.51 81.57 ± 9.75 0.007 80.42 ± 8.70 80.52 ± 9.32 0.870 80.90 ± 9.23 80.22 ± 8.19 0.212
 HbA1C (%) 8.96 ± 1.79 9.23 ± 1.70 0.021 9.05 ± 1.89 9.06 ± 1.51 0.927 9.29 ± 1.94 8.88 ± 1.62 0.000
Macroangiopathies CVD PAD
Absent Present P value Absent Present P value
Complaints of poor sleep
 Difficulty fall asleep 132 (26.8) 202 (28.8) 0.472 90 (25.6) 256 (29.5) 0.183
 Early awake 204 (41.5) 396 (56.4) 0.000 162 (46.0) 456 (52.5) 0.043
 Short sleep <6 h 190 (38.6) 372 (53.0) 0.000 144 (40.9) 430 (49.5) 0.007
 Long sleep >9 h 18 (3.9) 22 (3.3) 0.624 10 (4.1) 30 (3.4) 0.562
 Male (%) 264 (57.6%) 354 (52.7%) 0.101 118 (48.4%) 496 (56.2%) 0.030
 Age (years) 52.20 ± 11.96 59.33 ± 9.90 0.000 51.71 ± 12.95 57.79 ± 10.43 0.000
 BMI (kg/m2) 25.99 ± 3.87 26.87 ± 3.91 0.000 26.44 ± 4.12 26.51 ± 3.85 0.828
 Diabetes duration (years) 7.27 ± 6.99 10.07 ± 7.49 0.000 6.61 ± 6.40 9.61 ± 7.56 0.000
 SBP (mmHg) 129.80 ± 14.3 133.93 ± 15.5 0.000 131.93 ± 16.4 132.38 ± 15.1 0.699
 SBP (mmHg) 80.65 ± 8.52 80.35 ± 9.18 0.589 80.76 ± 9.52 80.38 ± 8.76 0.572
 HbA1C (%) 9.42 ± 1.99 8.80 ± 1.55 0.000 9.48 ± 1.98 8.93 ± 1.69 0.000
  1. Italics values are statistically significant
  2. DKD diabetic kidney disease; CVD cardiovascular disease; PAD peripheral arterial disease; BMI body mass index; SBP systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure; PSQI Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; HbAlc glycosylated hemoglobin type A1c