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Table 1 Comparisons of clinical variables in pGDM and control groups

From: Glycemic variability in normal glucose tolerance women with the previous gestational diabetes mellitus

Variables pGDM group Control group t p
n 48 48
Age (year) 29.1 ± 4.1 29.8 ± 3.6 0.941 0.349
Familial diabetes, n (%) 7 (14.6) 0 (0.0) 0.012*
BMI (kg/m2) 26.8 ± 3.2 26.3 ± 2.9 0.768 0.444
SBP (mmHg) 130 ± 13 119 ± 15 3.502 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 76 ± 9 75 ± 10 0.493 0.623
TG (mmol/L) 1.5 (1.2–2.0) 1.3 (1.2–1.8) 0.442**
TC (mmol/L) 6.2 ± 1.0 4.8 ± 0.8 8.320 0.000
HDLC (mmol/L) 1.1 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.3 2.265 0.026
LDLC (mmol/L) 3.3 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 0.5 6.588 0.000
HbA1c (%) 5.8 ± 0.4 5.4 ± 0.3 8.617 0.000
  1. Normally distributed values in the table are given as the mean ± SD, the non-normally distributed values are given as the median (25 and 75 % interquartiles)
  2. pGDM group: NGT women with the previous GDM; Control group: NGT women without the previous GDM
  3. BMI body mass index, SBP/DBP systolic/diastolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol; TG triglyceride, HDLC: high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDLC low density lipoprotein cholesterol, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin A1c
  4. * Test with Fisher’s Exact test; ** Test with Mann–Whitney U test