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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: What is the most appropriate lipid profile ratio predictor for insulin resistance in each sex? A cross-sectional study in Korean populations (The Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey)

  Men Women p-value
  N Mean Lower C.I. Upper C.I. N Mean Lower C.I. Upper C.I.
Age (years) 929 40.80 39.79 41.80 981 41.45 40.63 42.26 0.2137
Height (cm) 929 171.50 170.93 172.07 981 158.40 157.95 158.85 <0.0001
Weight (kg) 929 71.30 70.38 72.22 981 57.75 57.04 58.47 <0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 929 24.19 23.94 24.44 981 23.07 22.75 23.39 <0.0001
Waist Circumference (cm) 922 84.08 83.38 84.77 972 76.82 76.01 77.63 <0.0001
HDL-C (mg/dL) 929 49.90 48.91 50.89 981 56.77 55.85 57.70 <0.0001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 929 112.93 110.56 115.29 981 109.53 107.04 112.01 0.0518
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 929 187.02 184.09 189.95 981 184.53 181.56 187.50 0.2129
TG (mg/dL) 929 159.42 145.77 173.07 981 105.72 100.98 110.46 <0.0001
LDL-C/HDL-C Ratio 929 2.40 2.33 2.46 981 2.04 1.99 2.09 <0.0001
TG/HDL-C Ratio 929 3.69 3.20 4.18 981 2.06 1.95 2.17 <0.0001
Non-HDL-C (mg/dL) 929 272.35 258.69 286.00 981 215.25 209.32 221.17 <0.0001
Non-HDL-C/HDL-C Ratio 929 6.09 5.58 6.59 981 4.10 3.95 4.24 <0.0001
SBP (mmHg) 929 118.59 117.41 119.76 981 112.61 111.49 113.74 <0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 929 77.65 76.65 78.66 981 71.87 71.11 72.64 <0.0001
Fasting Glucose (mg/dL) 929 98.67 96.33 101.01 981 93.31 92.11 94.52 <0.0001
Fasting Insulin (uIU/mL) 929 10.46 10.00 10.91 981 10.69 10.32 11.06 0.4121
HOMA-IR 929 2.58 2.44 2.71 981 2.52 2.39 2.64 0.5048
  N % Lower C.I. Upper C.I. N % Lower C.I. Upper C.I.  
Hypertension          0.3511
 No 729 84.48 82.10 86.85 796 85.92 83.96 87.88  
 Yes 190 15.52 13.15 17.90 180 14.08 12.12 16.04  
Hyperlipidemia          0.9149
 No 833 92.51 90.47 94.55 867 92.63 90.97 94.30  
 Yes 85 7.49 5.45 9.53 109 7.37 5.70 9.03  
Diabetes          0.1617
 No 842 93.53 91.79 95.27 920 95.22 93.69 96.75  
 Yes 76 6.47 4.73 8.21 56 4.78 3.25 6.31  
Smoking          <0.0001
 No 496 50.66 46.71 54.62 928 94.58 92.81 96.35  
 Yes 426 49.34 45.38 53.30 50 5.42 3.65 7.19  
Alcohol Use          <0.0001
 No 192 20.59 17.48 23.69 587 55.83 51.53 60.12  
 Yes 722 79.41 76.31 82.52 384 44.17 39.88 48.47  
Exercise: high          <0.0001
 No 730 77.47 74.01 80.93 855 87.11 84.29 89.94  
 Yes 191 22.53 19.07 26.00 121 12.89 10.06 15.71  
Exercise: mid          0.0798
 No 817 87.19 84.46 89.93 876 90.01 87.86 92.17  
 Yes 105 12.81 10.07 15.54 100 9.99 7.83 12.14  
  1. p-values were calculated using the SURVEYMEANS (for continuous values) and SURVEYFREQ procedures (for categorical values)
  2. BMI Body mass index, LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, C.I. Confidence interval