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Table 2 Characteristics comparison of participants with valid data between male and female

From: Independent external validation and comparison of prevalent diabetes risk prediction models in a mixed-ancestry population of South Africa

  Male (157) Female (580) p-value Overall (737)
Prevalent undiagnosed DM (%) 22 (14.0) 108 (18.6) 0.220 130 (17.3)
Age (years) 53.5 (15.0) 52.1 (14.3) 0.311 52.2 (14.5)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.5 (5.8) 29.6 (7.0) <0.001 29.4 (7.1)
Waist circumference (cm) 92.5 (15.2) 95.6 (14.7) 0.024 95.9 (14.9)
Hypertensive medication (%) 43 (27.4) 208 (35.9) 0.059 251 (34.1)
Smoking status (% smoking) 88 (56.1) 235 (40.5) <0.001 323 (43.8)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 124.3 (16.6) 121.6 (19.2) 0.077 122.0 (18.7)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 75.6 (11.1) 74.7 (12.1) 0.365 74.7 (11.9)
Height (m) 1.7 (0.1) 1.6 (0.1) <0.001 1.6 (0.1)
Mother having diabetes (%) 17 (10.8) 92 (15.9) 0.147 109 (14.8)
Father having diabetes (%) 14 (8.9) 44 (7.6) 0.702 58 (7.9)
Sister having diabetes (%) 12 (7.6) 80 (13.8) 0.053 92 (12.5)
Brother having diabetes (%) 9 (5.7) 49 (8.5) 0.340 58 (7.9)
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L) 5.4 (1.4) 5.7 (2.0) 0.036 5.8 (1.9)
HDL (mmol/L) 1.2 (0.4) 1.3 (0.3) 0.136 1.3 (0.3)
Weight (kg) 72.3 (16.4) 73.9 (17.7) 0.290 74.1 (17.5)
Ever consumed alcohol (%) 116 (73.9) 240 (41.4) <0.001 356 (48.3)
Current drinking (%) 80 (51.0) 127 (21.9) <0.001 207 (28.1)
Using Corticosteroid use (%) 1 (0.6) 4 (0.7) >0.99 5 (0.7)
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 1.4 (0.9) 1.4 (0.9) 0.836 1.4 (0.9)