Skip to main content

Table 5 Prevalence of anxiety symptoms according to the variables examined

From: High-risk alcohol use and anxiety and depression symptoms in adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

Variables Anxiety symptoms – HAD-A ≥8
Anxiety (n = 62)/Total (n = 209) % OR 95% CI p-value
Gender
Male 24/107 22.4 1   
Female 38/102 37.2 2.0 1.1-3.8 0.019
Age range (years)
14[−]19 17/70 24.3 1   a#
20[−]29 21/83 25.3 1.1 0.5-2.2 a#
30[−]40 24/56 42.7 2.3 1.1-5.0 a#
Drug use
No 50/184 27.2 1   
Yes 12/25 48.0 2.5 1.1-5.8 0.0324
HAD-D
No depression 43/186 23.1 1   
Depression 19/23 82.6 15.8 2.4-11.0 <0.0001
HbA1c
Good control 3/19 15.8 1   a#
Moderate control 23/80 28.7 2.1 0.6-8.1 a#
Poor control 36/110 32.7 2.6 0.7-9.5 a#
  1. HAD-A: Hospital Anxiety and Depression – anxiety subscale; p ≤ 0.05; # proportions followed by the same letter do not differ. HbA1c: glycated hemoglobin; OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval.