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Table 1 Anthropometric and obstetric variables of pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)

From: Microvascular reactivity in women with gestational diabetes mellitus studied during pregnancy

  Group  
Variables +GDM (n = 55) –GDM (n = 55) p-value
Age (years) 29.5 ± 6.5 25.6 ± 4.7 <0.001a
Gestational age at study 33.2 (3.7) 32.9 (3.8) 0.550b
Height (cm) 160.6 (7.6) 157.9 (7.2) 0.312b
Weight before pregnancy (kg) 68.0 ± 15.7 63.5 ± 9.6 0.072a
Weight at test (kg) 77.8 ± 15.0 73.9 ± 9.7 0.114a
Weight gain (kg) 9.8 ± 5.2 10.0 ± 4.4 0.772a
BMI before pregnancy (kg/m2) 26.2 ± 4.9 24.2 ± 3.3 0.014a
BMI at test (kg/m2) 30.0 ± 4.6 28.2 ± 3.2 0.017a
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 95.8 ± 18.9 81.1 ± 6.2 <0.001a
Plasma glucose after 1 h OGGT (mg/dl) 166.4 ± 30.3 125.2 ± 18.5 <0.001a
Plasma glucose after 2 h OGTT (mg/dl) 156.1 ± 33.2 109.5 ± 17.4 <0.001a
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 104.4 (10.3) 106.8 (7.2) 0.186b
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.0 (9.2) 67.9 (6.8) 0.616b
  1. Date are mean ± SD or median(IQR) aStudent t Test bTest Mann-Whitney test.