Skip to main content

Advertisement

Physical activity level in elderly assisted in an outpatient of comprehensive health care

Background

Old age brings many changes and deleterious effects with advancing age, to minimize these declines regular physical activity has a positive effect on prevention and promotion of health of the elderly.

Objective

To identify physical activity level in elderly assisted in an outpatient of comprehensive health care.

Materials and methods

Cross-sectional study with 42 elderly treated at a clinic from a private university in São Luís-MA, conducted between the months from March to May 2015. We collected data on sociodemographic, economic, clinical and nutritional characteristics, anthropometric measurements and physical activity through the IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire). It was used the procedures of descriptive statistics and measures of association where the level of significance adopted was p <0.05. Data were analyzed using program Stata 12.0®.

Results

The distribution between age groups showed a higher proportion of elderly between 60 and 69 yrs. (54.76%), 78.57% had only elementary education, married (57.14%), retired (52.38%) and received up to 3 minimum wages (76.16%). Regarding physical activity, 80.95% were inactive, being more pronounced with increasing age (42.86%), associated with this, overweight diagnosis (13.8%), affected by hypertension (22,7%), large medication use (47.62%) and risk for cardiovascular diseases (23.5%).

Conclusion

The findings of the study suggest the need for intervention and encouraging physical activity associated with healthy living habits, considering besides the health aspects of older, the reality of this population.

Figure 1
figure1

Socioeconomic, demographic and behavioral characteristics of elderly assistant in an outpatient of comprehensive health caer. Sao Luis, 2015

Figure 2
figure2

Clinical feature characteristics of elderly assisted in an outpatient of comprehensive health care. Sao Luis – Ma, 2015.

Figure 3
figure3

Classification of elderly as the practice of physical activity according to the IPAQ in Sao Luis Ma, 2015.

Author information

Correspondence to Ana Tamires Jardim.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Physical Activity
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Metabolic Disease
  • Deleterious Effect