Volume 7 Supplement 1

20th Brazilian Diabetes Society Congress

Open Access

Dietary glycemic assessment and type of lens opacity in patients with age-related cataract

  • Clarissa Simon Factum1Email author,
  • Nívea Almeida Casé1,
  • Raquel Rocha1,
  • Juliete Santos Cortez1,
  • Emily David Brandão1,
  • Igor Barbosa Mendes1 and
  • Eduardo Ferrari Marback1
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome20157(Suppl 1):A225

https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-5996-7-S1-A225

Published: 11 November 2015

Objective

To investigate dietary carbohydrate intake, glycemic index and glycemic load and type of lens opacity in patients with age-related cataract.

Materials and methods

This was an exploratory cross-sectional study, carried out at the Outpatient Clinics of Nutrition and Ophthalmology at the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador-Bahia, Brazil. Seventy eight patients, of both genders, with age-related cataract, participated. All patients underwent nutritional, clinical and ophthalmological assessment. Type of lens opacity was determined following Lens Opacity Classification System – LOCS III – criteria. Clinical data regarding fasting glucose, diabetes diagnosis and hypertension were collected from medical records. Participants answered two 24h-dietary recall. Global dietary carbohydrate intake (CHO), glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) were estimated.

Results

Most patients had adequate intake of CHO (83.3%), although presenting moderate dietary GI and high dietary GL (62.3% and 52.6%, respectively). No differences were observed in the distribution of these features in relation to the types of lens opacity (p> 0.05). The presence of posterior subcapsular cataract type (PSC) was higher among patients with hyperglycemia (p=0.009) and diabetes (p=0.031).

Conclusion

Considering the high prevalence of PSC cataract among those with abnormal blood glucose, nutritional attention should be paid to the quality of dietary carbohydrates in this population.
Figure 1

Sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle characteristics of 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Figure 2

Hyperglycemia and diabetes diagnoses by type of lens opacity in 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Figure 3

Dietary glycemic assessment of 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Figure 4

Glycemic Index, glycemic load and total carbohydrate intake among different types of lens opacity in 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Universidade Federal da Bahia

Copyright

© Factum et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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