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Dietary glycemic assessment and type of lens opacity in patients with age-related cataract

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Objective

To investigate dietary carbohydrate intake, glycemic index and glycemic load and type of lens opacity in patients with age-related cataract.

Materials and methods

This was an exploratory cross-sectional study, carried out at the Outpatient Clinics of Nutrition and Ophthalmology at the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador-Bahia, Brazil. Seventy eight patients, of both genders, with age-related cataract, participated. All patients underwent nutritional, clinical and ophthalmological assessment. Type of lens opacity was determined following Lens Opacity Classification System – LOCS III – criteria. Clinical data regarding fasting glucose, diabetes diagnosis and hypertension were collected from medical records. Participants answered two 24h-dietary recall. Global dietary carbohydrate intake (CHO), glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) were estimated.

Results

Most patients had adequate intake of CHO (83.3%), although presenting moderate dietary GI and high dietary GL (62.3% and 52.6%, respectively). No differences were observed in the distribution of these features in relation to the types of lens opacity (p> 0.05). The presence of posterior subcapsular cataract type (PSC) was higher among patients with hyperglycemia (p=0.009) and diabetes (p=0.031).

Conclusion

Considering the high prevalence of PSC cataract among those with abnormal blood glucose, nutritional attention should be paid to the quality of dietary carbohydrates in this population.

Figure 1
figure1

Sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle characteristics of 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Figure 2
figure2

Hyperglycemia and diabetes diagnoses by type of lens opacity in 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Figure 3
figure3

Dietary glycemic assessment of 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Figure 4
figure4

Glycemic Index, glycemic load and total carbohydrate intake among different types of lens opacity in 78 patients with age-related cataract.

Author information

Correspondence to Clarissa Simon Factum.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Factum, C.S., Casé, N.A., Rocha, R. et al. Dietary glycemic assessment and type of lens opacity in patients with age-related cataract. Diabetol Metab Syndr 7, A225 (2015) doi:10.1186/1758-5996-7-S1-A225

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Keywords

  • Cataract
  • Glycemic Index
  • Dietary Carbohydrate
  • Diabetes Diagnosis
  • Glycemic Load