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  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Diabetes mellitus: knowledge and attitudes, collaborating for individual and social development of a reef community

  • Tereza Cristina Pinho Paes Barreto1Email author,
  • Amanda Pinho Paes Barreto1,
  • Joselí Reis1 and
  • Rozângela Amorim Santos1
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome20157(Suppl 1):A174

https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-5996-7-S1-A174

Published: 11 November 2015

Keywords

Diabetes MellitusBehavioral ChangeHealth EducationSocial DevelopmentPatient Compliance

Background

The treatment of diabetes requires patient compliance, based on positive measures, inserted in social development.

Objective

To compare the level of knowledge and the psychological adjustment to diabetes mellitus users of the Family Health Unit.

Method

A prospective, cross-sectional, quantitative study, with comparison groups, carried out between June-August 2012 included 207 users of the Family Health Unit Finch Low, divided into three groups according to Results of glycated hemoglobin, analyzed by standard American Diabetes Association. The sample was divided into three groups as users were diabetic treated in the unit (group A=53); newly diagnosed diabetics in the unit (group B=85) and non-diabetic patients (group C=69). The collection tools included demographic information, anthropometric and related to the disease, the questionnaire of knowledge about diabetes (DKN-A) and psychological and emotional attitudes towards disease (TA-19). As well as adherence to behaviors related to individual and social development. The variables were organized using SPSS version 17.0 software and analyzed with the Student t test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and chi square, at 0.05 significance level.

Results

We diagnosed 41.06% of users as diabetic or pre-diabetic screening. Regardless of the group to which you belong, there was little knowledge about the disease, and negative psychological and emotional adaptation, pointing down user engagement to treatment.

Conclusions

changes are needed in health education focused on diabetes, enabling formation of social consciousness that will motivate positive behavioral changes to patients and to society in general.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil

Copyright

© Barreto et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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