Skip to main content
  • Meeting abstract
  • Open access
  • Published:

Diabetes mellitus: knowledge and attitudes, collaborating for individual and social development of a reef community


The treatment of diabetes requires patient compliance, based on positive measures, inserted in social development.


To compare the level of knowledge and the psychological adjustment to diabetes mellitus users of the Family Health Unit.


A prospective, cross-sectional, quantitative study, with comparison groups, carried out between June-August 2012 included 207 users of the Family Health Unit Finch Low, divided into three groups according to Results of glycated hemoglobin, analyzed by standard American Diabetes Association. The sample was divided into three groups as users were diabetic treated in the unit (group A=53); newly diagnosed diabetics in the unit (group B=85) and non-diabetic patients (group C=69). The collection tools included demographic information, anthropometric and related to the disease, the questionnaire of knowledge about diabetes (DKN-A) and psychological and emotional attitudes towards disease (TA-19). As well as adherence to behaviors related to individual and social development. The variables were organized using SPSS version 17.0 software and analyzed with the Student t test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and chi square, at 0.05 significance level.


We diagnosed 41.06% of users as diabetic or pre-diabetic screening. Regardless of the group to which you belong, there was little knowledge about the disease, and negative psychological and emotional adaptation, pointing down user engagement to treatment.


changes are needed in health education focused on diabetes, enabling formation of social consciousness that will motivate positive behavioral changes to patients and to society in general.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tereza Cristina Pinho Paes Barreto.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Barreto, T.C.P.P., Barreto, A.P.P., Reis, J. et al. Diabetes mellitus: knowledge and attitudes, collaborating for individual and social development of a reef community. Diabetol Metab Syndr 7 (Suppl 1), A174 (2015).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: