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Table 5 Comparative results between groups after 12 weeks*

From: An educational program for insulin self-adjustment associated with structured self-monitoring of blood glucose significantly improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after 12 weeks: a randomized, controlled pilot study

  Group A (Control) Group B (Intervention) P value**
Subjects (n) 12 10  
SMBG (tests/week) 11.9 ± 3.4 18.3 ± 5.5 0.003
Compliance with SMBG 0.8 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.4 0.004
After insulin dose (IU/day) 70.9 ± 25.5 79.0 ± 52.0 0.639
After insulin dose (IU/Kg/day) 0.9 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.5 0.427
Basal insulin dose (IU/day) 55.3 ± 16.6 61.2 ± 34.4 0.606
Bolus insulin dose (IU/day) 15.6 ± 13.6 17.8 ± 19.0 0.754
Hypoglycemia (episodes/period) 8.2 ± 9.1 12.8 ± 13.0 0.338
Body weight (Kg) 78.1 ± 17.8 70.8 ± 21.5 0.393
BMI (Kg/m2) 30.2 ± 6.2 28.0 ± 6.6 0.435
  1. SMBG, self-monitoring blood glucose; BMI, body mass index.
  2. *Results are presented as mean ± s.d.
  3. **P-values of Independent Student’s t-test, level of significance of 0.05.