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Table 1 Demographic and biochemical parameters among normal, non-diabetic obese and non-obese type 2 diabetes mellitus groups

From: Association of adipokines, leptin/adiponectin ratio and C-reactive protein with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus

Parameters Normal (n = 31) Non-diabetic obese (n = 30) Non-obese T2DM (n = 31)
Age (years) 31.3 (27.8-35.2) 28.4 (26.6-32.4) 45.2 (39.8-51.3)
p-value   a0.44 a4.5 × 10-5, b4.0 × 10-5
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 20.6 (19.7-21.5) 34.0 (32.5-35.5) 22.3 (21.1-23.7)
p-value   a 5.1 × 10 -9 a0.53, b5.1 × 10-9
Waist circumference (cm) 75.1 (72.7-77.6) 90.2 (88.0-92.5) 71.3 (69.2-73.5)
p-value   a 5.1 × 10 -9 a0.037, b5.1 × 10-9
DBP (mmHg) 75.5 (72.5-78.7) 85.2 (82.8-87.6) 83.5 (79.8-87.3)
p-value   a 4.9 × 10 -5 a0.00096,b0.74
SBP (mmHg) 113 (109–117) 126 (123–130) 123 (116–130)
p-value   a 2.3 × 10 -4 a0.009 ,b0.56
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 1.5 (1.2-1.8) 2.1 (2.0-2.2) 2.0 (1.8-2.2)
p-value   a 0.0009 a0.005, b0.88
HDL-c (mmol/l) 0.9 (0.8-1.0) 0.8 (0.7-0.9) 0.7 (0.6- 0.8)
p-value   a0.23 a0.01, b0.34
FBG (mmol/l) 5.4 (5.1-5.8) 5.7 (5.5-6.0) 9.7 (8.3-11.4)
p-value   a0.66 a 5.1 × 10 -9 , b 5.2 × 10 -9
Insulin (pmol/l) 44.5 (37.2-53.2) 130 (112–151) 70.1 (54.3-90.5)
p-value   a 5.1 × 10 -9 a 0.004, 5.9 × 10 -5
HOMA-β 73.2 (62.3-85.9) 135 (119–154) 33.7 (23.0-49.2)
p-value   a 0.0007, a 3.2 × 10 -5 , b 5.1 × 10 -9
Insulin Sensitivity (%) 118 (99–142) 40.8 (35.2- 47.3) 62.4 (49.0-79.3)
p-value   a 5.1 × 10 -9 a 1.6 × 10 -5 , 0.006
HOMA-IR 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 2.5 (2.2-2.9) 1.7 (1.3-2.2)
p-value   a 5.1 × 10 -9 a 4.9 × 10 -5 , 0.005
  1. Result presented as geometric mean and 95% confidence interval of mean; avs. normal group; bvs. non-diabetic obese group evaluated by ANOVA.