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Table 2 Stage of change and psychological factors associated with motivation to habitual physical activity in patients grouped according to the selected activity program

From: A standard ballroom and Latin dance program to improve fitness and adherence to physical activity in individuals with type 2 diabetes and in obesity

Psychological variables Dance program (n = 42) Self-selected program (n = 58) P value
Pre-contemplation (%) 24.2 ± 29.6 26.7 ± 20.0 0.626
Contemplation (%) 67.7 ± 23.1 64.8 ± 16.9 0.483
Determination (%) 80.4 ± 18.4 73.7 ± 21.2 0.113
Action (%) 39.1 ± 29.9 47.0 ± 27.3 0.183
Maintenance (%) 47.0 ± 32.3 41.0 ± 28.5 0.340
Discrepancy (%) 48.6 ± 25.6 52.5 ± 21.2 0.419
Importance (%) 82.6 ± 14.7 81.6 ± 14.4 0.745
Self-efficacy (%) 77.9 ± 15.0 70.7 ± 16.5 0.031
Temptation (%) 31.2 ± 24.8 42.1 ± 22.6 0.027
Readiness-to-change (%) 75.5 ± 21.9 73.3 ± 20.4 0.613
Stabilization-of-change (%) 61.8 ± 21.5 59.4 ± 25.9 0.665
  1. All scores are reported mean ± SD in% of maximum score.