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Table 1 General characteristics of the study population

From: Serum metabolic profiles in overweight and obese women with and without metabolic syndrome

    MHO n = 42     MetS n = 36   p-value
Anthropometry      
Age (years) 39.7 (7.6) 44.1 (6.1) 0.005
Height (cm) 165.5 (5.8) 164.7 (6.4) 0.565
Weight (kg) 79.1 (10.3) 83.1 (10.5) 0.095
BMI (weight (kg)/height (m)2) 28.9 (3.2) 30.6 (3.4) 0.018
Fat mass (kg) 29.0 (7.9) 32.2 (8.1) 0.071
Fat free mass (kg) 50.2 (5.5) 50.8 (5.5) 0.596
Waist circumference (cm) 95.7 (9.2) 99.2 (6.5) 0.061
Metabolic      
SBP (mmHg) 122.0 (7.4) 136.4 (11.3) <0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 77.7 (6.1) 84.4 (6.7) <0.0001
GLUC (mmol/l) 5.1 (0.3) 5.5 (0.7) 0.0001
Insulin (μIU/l) 6.4 (2.9) 9.5 (3.6) 0.0001
HOMA-IR 1.6 (1.0) 2.3 (0.9) 0.002
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.6 (0.3) 1.4 (0.3) 0.001
TRIGLY (mmol/l) 1.0 (0.3) 2.0 (0.9) <0.0001
CHOLtot (mmol/l) 4.7 (0.6) 5.6 (0.9) <0.0001
ALAT (IU/l) 13.3 (5.4) 18.8 (8.9) 0.003
ASAT (IU/l) 16.5 (5.6) 19.3 (6.8) 0.038
GGT (IU/l) 22.3 (13.8) 31.5 (13.6) 0.098
Energy expenditure and physical fitness      
RMR (kcal/day) 1547 (200) 1505 (113) 0.337
VO2max (ml/kg/min) 31.7 (4.8) 31.3 (5.6) 0.758
LTPA (≤ ½ h/wk, %) 16   11   0.250
LTPA (1 h/wk, %) 62   46   0.671
LTPA (2 h/wk, %) 22   43   0.399
PIA (h/day) 16.1 (2.9) 16.1 (3.5) 0.965
Diet      
Energy (kcal) 1791 (526) 1811 (555) 0.896
Protein (E%) 18.7 (3.9) 19.1 (3.9) 0.704
Carbohydrate (E%) 44.1 (11.2) 44.5 (8.7) 0.906
Fat (E%) 33.0 (6.4) 34.5 (11.4) 0.551
Saturated fat (E%) 12.4 (3.3) 13.0 (3.1) 0.537
Monounsaturated fat (E%) 11.1 (2.5) 11.2 (4.8) 0.914
Polyunsaturated fat (E%) 6.0 (2.2) 7.1 (4.7) 0.317
  1. Data are given as mean (SD). P-values are for 2-tailed t-tests. MHO = healthy overweight/obese; MetS = metabolic syndrome; SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; HOMA-IR = homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance; S-ALAT = alanine amino transferase; S-ASAT = aspartate amino transferase; S-GGT = gamma glutamyltransferase; RMR = resting metabolic rate, VO2max (maximum oxygen uptake); LTPA = leisure time physical activity, PIA = physical inactivity, E% = percentage of total energy intake.