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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the population comparing patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) and without MS

From: Utility of the waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference and body mass index in the screening of metabolic syndrome in adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Parameter With MS Without MS p
(n = 30) (n = 90)
Age (years) 35 (26–42) 28 (20–34) 0.002*
Evolution of T1D (years) 20 (14.7–28) 16 (11–25) 0.051
Gender    
  Female 26% 74% 0.584
  Male 12% 88%
Smoking status 5% 18% 0.551
Insulin dose (U/day) 49 (40–69.8) 45.5 (39–57) 0.086*
(U/kg/day) 0.69 (0.52–0.98) 0.75 (0.59–0.97) 0.974
Weight (m) 1.62 (1.57–1.70) 1.66 (1.55–1.67) 0.269
BMI (kg/m2) 25 (23.8–28.7) 23.3 (21.3–26.4) 0.004*
WC (cm) 90.4 ± 10.7 79.6 ± 8.2 <0.01
  Male 92.1 ± 12.6 85.2 ± 6.1 0.032
  Female 89.6 ± 10.3 77.2 ± 7.88 <0.01
WHtR 0.54 (0.51–0.60) 0.49 (0.46–0.53) <0.001*
Hypertension 14% 8% <0.01
Dyslipidemia 18% 16% 0.02
Glycated hemoglobin (%) 8.8 (8–10) 8.2 (7.5–9.3) 0.036*
Total colesterol (mg/dl) 188 (169–210) 174.5 (153–206) <0.012*
Tryglycerides (mg/dl) 175 (136–248) 88 (66–113) <0.01*
c-HDL (mg/dl) 46 (37–53) 57 (48–66) <0.01*
  Male 41 (37–48) 49 (44–60) 0.044
  Female 47 (37–55) 60 (53–69) <0.01
  1. Results are reported as Mean ± SD or mean and IQR.
  2. *Mann–Whitney U test.
  3. Student t test.
  4. X2 test.