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Table 3 Characteristics of the participant by metabolic syndrome status in the Framingham Heart Study (N = 1193)

From: Parent-offspring association of metabolic syndrome in the Framingham Heart Study

  Metabolic syndrome (N = 466) No metabolic syndrome (N = 727) P valuea
Age 55.06 (8.62) 51.63 (9.42) <0.001
Sex %    <0.01
Men 52.1 44.3  
Women 47.9 55.7  
Education status %    <0.01
High school 41.8 33.2  
College 43.8 43.6  
More than college 14.4 23.2  
Number of years of school completed 13.80 (2.06) 14.31 (2.15) <0.001
Income level %    0.39
< $20,000, 38.5 36.8  
$20,000- $44,000 49.8 48.2  
$45,000 or higher 11.7 15.0  
Smoked cigarettes regularly last year %b 24.3 19.4 <0.05
Alcohol consumption %c 64.2 76.1 <0.001
Physical activity scored 34.67 (6.53) 35.09 (6.04) 0.27
  1. Data are mean (SD) or percentage of subjects.
  2. aIndependent t test or Chi-square test.
  3. bSmokers if they had smoked regularly in the previous year.
  4. cAlcohol use was dichotomized on the basis of consumption of at least one drink per week.
  5. dCalculated based on the average daily number of hours of sleep and sedentary, slight, moderate, and heavy activity of the participant.