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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of females subjects

From: The association between liver enzymes and risk of type 2 diabetes: the Namwon study

Variables Females (n = 4,323)
Diabetes ‡ Non-diabetes p-value*
Age (years) 61.7 (6.9) 60.8 (7.7) 0.049
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.1 (3.9) 24.5 (3.2) <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 89.3 (8.7) 85.8 (8.7) <0.001
AST (units/l) 23 (19–27) 22 (19–26) 0.076
ALT (units/l) 20 (14–26) 16 (13–21) <0.001
GGT (units/l) 20 (15–31) 15 (12–21) <0.001
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 106.8 (9.6) 96.5 (9.2) <0.001
HOMA (%) 1.74 (1.05) 1.31 (0.96) <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 200.2 (36.2) 192.9 (36.7) 0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 45.8 (10.9) 48.6 (11.7) <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 161 (113–243.5) 123 (86–177) <0.001
C-reactive protein (mg/dl) 0.09 (0.04-0.20) 0.05 (0.02-0.11) 0.444
Current drinker (%) 109 (34.8) 1,454 (36.3) 0.112
Current smoker (%) 11 (3.5) 110 (2.7) 0.317
Physical exercise (%) 100 (31.9) 1,242 (31.0) 0.730
  1. Data are means (SD), medians (interquartile ranges; 25th-75th) for skewed variables, or proportions for categorical variables. *Differences were assessed using t-tests (for continuous variables) or chi-square tests (for categorical variables); Mann–Whitney tests were performed for the following skewed variables: AST, ALT, GGT, triglycerides and c-reactive protein.
  2. ‡ Diabetes status at follow-up examination.