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Table 3 Association coefficients between intervention-induced changes in nutrients intake and in fasting and 2-h plasma glucose

From: Realistic changes in monounsaturated fatty acids and soluble fibers are able to improve glucose metabolism

  Change in fasting plasma glucose Change in 2-h plasma glucose
  ß (95% CI) p-value ß (95% CI) p-value
Crude
Change in MUFA (% E) -1.58 (-2.51; -0.65) 0.001 -2.70 (-4.78; -0.62) 0.011
Change in soluble fibers (g) -0.45 (-1.71; 0.81) 0.481 -1.24 (-4.01; 1.54) 0.379
Model 1
Change in MUFA (% E) -1.48 (-2.55; -0.40) 0.008 -3.32 (-5.71; -0.93) 0.007
Change in soluble fibers (g) -1.58 (-3.07; -0.09) 0.038 -1.88 (-5.19; 1.44) 0.264
Model 1 + Change in weight
Change in MUFA (% E) -1.48 (-2.57; -0.39) 0.008 -3.44 (-5.85; -1.04) 0.005
Change in soluble fibers (g) -1.57 (-3.08; -0.06) 0.041 -1.71 (-5.05; 1.63) 0.311
Model 1 + Change in waist circumference   
Change in MUFA (% E) -1.52 (-2.61; -0.42) 0.007 -3.68 (-6.07; -1.30) 0.003
Change in soluble fibers (g) -1.53 (-3.04; -0.02) 0.047 -1.57 (-4.77; 1.23) 0.378
Model 1 + Change in C-reactive protein
Change in MUFA (% E) -1.90 (-3.08; -0.72) 0.002 -3.55 (-6.30; -0.80) 0.012
Change in soluble fibers (g) -1.28 (-2.89; 0.33) 0.825 -2.54 (-6.28; 1.20) 0.181
Model 1 + Change in 2-h insulin
Change in MUFA (% E) -0.54 (-2.85; 1.76) 0.631 -3.20 (-8.27; 1.87) 0.205
Change in soluble fibers (g) -0.84 (-3.45; 1.76) 0.719 0.20 (-5.13; 5.93) 0.943
  1. Multiple linear regression analysis.
  2. CI, confidence interval; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; E, total energy intake.
  3. Model 1: age, sex, change in leisure physical activity, change in saturated fatty acids, family history of diabetes (no or yes), type of intervention.