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Table 2 Mean values of changes in clinical variables across tertiles of changes in MUFA intake (% energy)

From: Realistic changes in monounsaturated fatty acids and soluble fibers are able to improve glucose metabolism

  Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 P-trend
  -6.6 to -1.3 -1.3 to 1.1 1.1 to 7.0
Change in weight (kg) -2.5 ± 4.0 -1.0 ± 3.8 -1.4 ± 3.8 0.151
Change in fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 3.1 ± 18.0 -1.6 ± 16.1 -6.9 ± 13.3Ɨ 0.017
Change in 2-h plasma glucose (mg/dL) 3.1 ± 40.1 5.9 ± 31.6 -13.5 ± 33.2θ 0.024
Change in HOMA-IR -1.1 ± 1.9 -0.8 ± 1.5 -0.6 ± 1.5 0.448
Change in C-reactive protein (mg/dL) -0.32 ± 0.23 -0.25 ± 0.19 -0.30 ± 0.24 0.273
  1. ANOVA and Bonferroni’s method for pair comparisons.
  2. Ɨp < 0.05 vs. tertile 1 θp < 0.05 vs. tertile 2.