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Table 3 Average values of PCS and MCS (the two main variables in the SF-36v2 questionnaire), according to gender, social class, HbA1c level, hospitalization and complications

From: The cost of type 2 diabetes in Brazil: evaluation of a diabetes care center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Domain Variable   Média Std. deviation P-value
PCS Sex All 45.22 9.82 0.0046
Female 43.65 10.14
Male 47.43 8.95
HAS No 49.41 8.06 0.0 173
Yes 44.65 9.92
DLP No 47.16 7.79 0.2267
Yes 44.74 10.28
Retinopathy No 46.03 9.75 0.0900
Yes 43.71 9.84
Nephropathy No 45.94 9.60 0.2242
Yes 44.21 10.09
Neuropathy No 46.80 9.33 0.0 160
Yes 43.43 10.10
Macroangiopathy No 45.61 9.84 0.4232
Yes 44.45 9.85
Hospitalization No 46.11 9.51 0.0002
Yes 37.34 9.20
HbA1c 1 (4%-6%) 43.90 10.47 0.0345
2 (6.1%-6.5%) 43.72 12.79
3 (6.6%-7.5%) 47.60 9.33
4 (7.6%-8.5%) 41.92 9.98
5 (>8.5%) 46.03 8.95
IBGE* categories 1 (>20 MW) 44.71 12.06 0.9547
2 (10-20 MW) 46.99 8.45
3 (4-10 MW) 45.49 9.33
4 (2-4 MW) 45.25 10.25
5 (<2 MW) 44.16 9.27
MCS Sex All 47.51 13.31 0.0034
Female 45.11 14.10
Male 50.83 11.42
HAS No 46.53 9.90 0.3 155
Yes 47.65 13.73
DLP No 47.02 12.44 0.5584
Yes 47.64 13.61
Retinopathy No 47.16 13.09 0.5614
Yes 48.18 13.80
Nephropathy No 47.10 12.81 0.3792
Yes 48.10 14.07
Neuropathy No 48.30 12.69 0.4516
Yes 46.62 14.00
Macroangiopathy No 47.04 13.10 0.3279
Yes 48.64 13.22
Internment No 48.41 12.81 0.0 107
Yes 39.42 15.33
HbA1c 1 (4%-6%) 48.44 13.79 0.0964
2 (6.1%-6.5%) 49.82 11.28
3 (6.6%-7.5%) 50.66 12.08
4 (7.6%-8.5%) 48.23 13.63
5 (>8.5%) 44.31 13.92
IBGE categories* 1 (>20 MW) 51.89 8.46 0.3877
2 (10-20 MW) 50.44 9.94
3 (4-10 MW) 49.71 13.06
4 (2-4 MW) 46.66 12.15
   5 (<2 MW) 45.47 14.09  
  1. *Categories defined by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) according to family income. The average minimum wage (MW) during the period was approximately US$ 263 per month.
  2. The statistically significant variations of the PCS and MCS averages (p-value ≤0,05) are highlighted below.