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Table 4 Students’ response to the MetS questionnaire by gender - poor level of knowledge – (percentage of students answered correctly ≤50%)

From: Assessment of college students’ awareness and knowledge about conditions relevant to metabolic syndrome

Conditions Question Correct answer Males (N = 69) Females (N = 171) Total (N = 240) P Value
    n % n % n %  
Diabetes Individuals with diabetes must have insulin shots. False 30 43.5 76 44.7 106 44.4 0.887
  With diabetes, sugar cannot move in the blood. False 25 36.2 56 32.8 81 33.8 0.652
Adiposity The terms ‘overweight’ and ‘adiposity’ are synonyms. False 35 50.7 70 41.7 105 44.3 0.250
  Liposuction is the best possible treatment in adiposity therapy. False 27 39.1 75 44.6 102 43.0 0.472
Hypertension People with hypertension are as likely to suffer from arteriosclerosis as those with normal hypertension. False 32 47.1 67 39.2 99 41.4 0.309
  Pregnant women are as likely to suffer from hypertension as non-pregnant women. False 31 45.6 76 44.7 107 45.0 1.000
High serum holesterol High serum cholesterol does not cause acute ailments. True 24 34.8* 26 15.7* 50 21.3 0.002
  Fatigue is a frequent symptom of high serum cholesterol. False 16 29.2 30 18.1 46 19.6 0.372
Arteriosclerosis With arteriosclerosis, arteries contract. False 21 30.3 43 25.6 64 27.0 0.511
Stroke A stroke is preceded frequently by chest pains. False 32 46.4 80 47.9 112 47.5 0.886
Myocardial infarction A myocardial infarction is caused by cerebral dysregulation of the heart. False 32 47.1* 47 28.3* 79 33.8 0.009
  A myocardial infarction must be treated surgically. False 25 36.3 60 36.1 85 36.2 1.000
  A myocardial infarction is typically followed by some degree of paralysis. False 23 33.3 78 47.0 101 43.0 0.061
  A myocardial infarction is caused by malfunction of one or more heart valves. False 14 20.3 24 14.6 38 16.2 0.331
  A myocardial infarction is usually preceded by loss of sensation and numbness. False 20 29.0 33 19.9 53 22.6 0.161
  1. *p < 0.05.