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Table 2 Students’ response to the MetS questionnaire by gender - good level of knowledge - (percentage of students answered each question correctly between 81-100%)

From: Assessment of college students’ awareness and knowledge about conditions relevant to metabolic syndrome

Conditions Question Correct answer Males (N = 69) Females (N = 171) Total (N = 240) P value
    n % n % n %  
Diabetes There are several different types of diabetes. True 62 90.0 144 84.2 206 85.8 0.310
  Pregnant women have a reduced risk of acquiring diabetes. False 56 81.2 148 86.6 204 85.0 0.320
  Eye disorders can be consequences of diabetes. True 60 87.0 134 78.8 194 81.2 0.201
Adiposity Adipose individuals have an elevated risk of suffering myocardial infarction. True 63 91.3 15 92.9 219 92.4 0.788
  Cessation of breathing while sleeping is a possible consequence of adiposity. True 52 75.4* 147 87.5* 199 84.0 0.031
  Adipose individuals are more likely to suffer from arteriosclerosis. True 53 76.8 146 86.9 199 84.0 0.078
Hypertension Hypertension can cause dizziness. True 60 88.2 144 85.2 214 86.1 0.679
High serum cholesterol A low cholesterol diet can supplement therapy for high serum cholesterol. True 62 89.9 148 89.2 210 89.4 1.000
  High serum cholesterol can be treated with medication. True 58 84.1 142 85.5 200 85.1 0.841
  High serum cholesterol promotes arteriosclerosis. True 53 76.8* 145 87.9* 198 84.3 0.046
Arteriosclerosis Arteriosclerosis increases the risk of suffering a stroke. True 59 85.1* 162 96.4* 221 93.3 0.007
  Leg pains are a symptom of arteriosclerosis. True 56 81.2 148 88.1 204 86.1 0.214
  In arteriosclerosis, a sustainer can be inserted into the artery in order to stabilize it. True 56 81.2* 151 91.0* 207 88.1 0.041
  Individuals with high blood pressure are more likely to suffer from arteriosclerosis. True 50 72.5* 148 89.2* 198 83.9 0.003
Stroke A stroke affects the brain. True 61 88.4* 162 97.0* 223 94.5 0.023
  If a patient survives a stroke, there are usually no permanent consequences. False 52 75.4* 146 88.0* 198 84.3 0.011
  Permanent speech defects are possible consequences of a stroke. True 59 85.5* 159 95.1* 218 92.4 0.015
  A stroke is often followed by memory dysfunction. True 52 75.4* 150 89.8* 202 85.6 0.007
  There are different types of strokes. True 54 78.3* 151 90.4* 205 86.9 0.018
  A stroke is preceded frequently by speech problems. True 58 84.1 146 88.0 204 86.4 0.407
Myocardial infarction When suffering a myocardial infarction, pain may radiate into the arms. True 58 85.3 155 93.4 213 91.0 0.075
  Hereditary factors play a role in the risk of suffering a myocardial infarction. True 51 75.0 138 83.6 189 81.1 0.142
  After a myocardial infarction, anticoagulants are administered. True 60 88.2 148 89.2 208 88.9 0.822
  A myocardial infarction is often preceded by shortness of breath. True 54 79.4* 153 92.2* 207 88.5 0.012
  A myocardial infarction is caused by arterial obstruction. True 53 77.9 146 88.0 199 85.0 0.068
  After a myocardial infarction has occurred, parts of the cardiac muscle tissue can die. True 64 92.6 158 95.8 222 94.9 0.344
  With a myocardial infarction, cardiac muscle tissue dies. True 51 75.0 141 84.9 192 82.1 0.091
  1. *p < 0.05.