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Table 4 Analysis of factors associated with nicotine dependence among smokers

From: Difference between the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in non-diabetic smokers and in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without nicotine dependence

Variable n Fagerström score ≥ 6 p-value* OR* (95% CI)
n (%)
Gender:     
Male 46 20 (43.5) 0.284 1.0
Female 46 15 (32.6)   0.63 (0.27 to 1.47)
Marital status     
Non-married 29 15 (51.7) 0.070 1.0
Married 63 20 (31.7)   0.43 (0.18 to 1.07)
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30)     
No 68 26 (38.2) 0.949 1.0
Yes 24 9 (37.5)   0.97 (0.37 to 2.53)
Use of anxiolytics     
No 78 30 (38.5) 0.973 1.0
Yes 14 5 (35.7)   1.02 (0.31 to 3.41)
Use of antihypertensives     
No 51 21 (41.2) 0.491 1.0
Yes 41 14 (34.1)   0.74 (0.32 to 1.74)
Physical activity     
No or ≤ 1x/week 61 26 (42.6) 0.207 1.0
From 2 to 5x/week 31 9 (29.0)   0.55 (0.22 to 1.39)
Smoking family history:     
Non-smoking parents 16 7 (43.7) 0.606 1.0
Mother, Father, or both smoked 76 28 (36.8)   0.75 (0.25 to 2.24)
Alcohol consumption:     
No or ≤ monthly 67 22 (32.8) 0.096 1.0
Daily or weekly 25 13 (52.0)   2.22 (0.87 to 5.65)
Length of schooling:     
< 8 years 55 16 (29.1) 0.033 1.0
≥ 8 years 37 19 (51.4)   2.57 (1.08 to 6.13)
  1. *Logistic regression.