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Table 2 Smoking-related characteristics in diabetic smokers (DS) and non-diabetic smokers (S)

From: Difference between the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in non-diabetic smokers and in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without nicotine dependence

Characteristics DS (n = 46) S (n = 46) p-value
Daily consumption (cigarettes/day) 20 (10–21.5) 15 (10–20) 0.370 *
 · Men 20 (15–30) 20 (10–20) 0.925 *
 · Women 10 (9–20) 15 (10–20) 0.820 *
Time of smoking (years) 36.74 ± 14.61 34.26 ± 14.80 0.573 #
Fagerström score 4.98 ± 2.50 5.04 ±1.58 0.881 #
Nicotine dependence    
 · High 18 (39.1%) 17 (37.0%) 0.999 +
 · Medium or Low 28 (60.9%) 29 (63.0%)  
  1. Data are median (25th percentile–75th percentile), average ± SD, or absolute frequency (relative in %).
  2. * Mann–Whitney U-test; # Student’s t test; + chi-squared test.