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Table 4 Association between fatty liver and sd-LDL-C levels

From: Fatty liver in men is associated with high serum levels of small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

  Quartiles of serum sd-LDL-C concentrations (mg/dl)
Characteristics ≤ 21.1 21.2 - 42.7 42.8 - 55.7 ≥ 55.8 P value for trend
All subjects 1 (referent) 1.59 [0.85−3.20] 1.96 [1.05−3.69] 2.48 [1.32−4.70] 0.001***
Subsets of subjects      
 HBs-Ag (−), HCV-Ab(−)# 1 (referent) 1.83 [0.85−4.05] 2.50 [1.18−5.43] 3.60 [1.73−7.77] 0.001***
 Elevated LDL-C levels (−) ## 1 (referent) 1.60 [0.79−3.26] 1.95 [0.92−4.16] 2.89 [1.29−6.62] 0.009***
 Hypertriglyceridemia (−) ### 1 (referent) 1.14 [0.57−2.29] 1.55 [0.76−3.23] 2.25 [1.00−5.10] 0.018***
  1. Risk of fatty liver was estimated by logistic regression analysis using sd-LDL-C levels, age, BMI, hypertension, hyperglycemia, current alcohol consumption, and current smoking as covariables. Data are expressed as odds ratios [95% corresponding intervals]. P values for trend were obtained using the likelihood ratio test. #, Subjects were 385 men who were negative for both HBs-Ag and HCV-Ab. ##, Subjects were 311 men who did not have elevated levels of LDL-C. ###, Subjects were 336 men who did not show hypertriglyceridemia.