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Table 4 Binary logistic regression of potential risk factors associations with DPN

From: The prevalence, patterns and predictors of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in a developing country

  Odds ratio (95% CI) p values
Gender – male
female
reference
6.7 (2.0 – 9.8)
< 0.01
Sector of residence – urban
rural
reference
1.8 (1.1 – 2.5)
<0.05
Household monthly income - > LKR 25,000
LKR 12,000 – 25,000
< LKR 12,000
reference
1.5 (1.0 – 2.0)
1.4 (1.0 – 1.8)
<0.05
<0.05
Duration of diabetes 1.2 (1.1 – 1.3) <0.05
Triglycerides 1.6 (1.2 – 2.0) <0.05
Height 1.8 (1.2 – 2.4) <0.05
Current smoking - non-smoker
smoker
reference
5.9 (1.4 – 9.7)
<0.05
Alcohol consumption - no
yes
reference
3.0 (0.8 – 6.5)
NS
Retinopathy – absent
present
reference
2.7 (1.3 – 5.4)
<0.01
Nephropathy – absent
present
reference
0.6 (0.1 – 2.5)
NS
Hypertension - absent
present
reference
0.8 (0.4 – 1.6)
NS
Obesity - BMI <27.5
BMI > =27.5
Reference
1.0 (0.5 – 1.9)
NS
Foot ulcers – absent
present
Reference
10.4 (1.8 – 16.7)
<0.01
Physical activity - inactive
active
Reference
0.9 (0.4 – 2.3)
NS
Drug treatment - metformin
sulphonylurea
Reference
1.8 (1.1 – 2.5)
<0.05
Insulin – not treated with insulin
treated with insulin
Reference
4.3 (1.3 – 6.9)
<0.05
  1. LKR - Sri Lankan Rupees.