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Table 1 Prevalence and distribution of sociodemographic variables (%), metabolic syndrome (MetS) and number of its components, among adults aged 18 years or older a (Federal District, Brazil, 2007)

From: Metabolic syndrome in central Brazil: prevalence and correlates in the adult population

  Total (n=2130) Male (n = 586) Female (n = 1544)
Variable % 95%CI % 95%CI % 95%CI
MetS
  No 68.0 (64.8 – 71.1) 69.1 (64.4 – 73.9) 67.0 (63.4 – 70.5)
  Yes 32.0 (28.9 – 35.2) 30.9 (26.1 – 35.6) 33.0 (29.5 – 36.6)
MetS components number
  0 13.6 (11.2 – 159) 14.8 (10.3 – 19.2) 12.5 (10.0 – 15.0)
  1 31.8 (28.6 – 35.1) 31.2 (25.5 – 36.9) 32.4 (28.0 – 36.8)
  2 22.6 (19.9 – 25.2) 23.2 (19.1 – 27.2) 22.0 (18.9 – 25.2)
  3 15.7 (13.6 – 17.8) 15.2 (12.0 – 18.4) 16.1 (13.8 – 18.5)
  4 11.1 (9.3 – 12.8) 10.5 (8.0 – 13.1) 11.6 (9.4 – 13.7)
  5 5.2 (4.0 – 6.5) 5.1 (3.0 – 7.2) 5.3 (4.1 – 6.6)
Age (years)
  18–24 24.8 (20.9 – 28.8) 25.3 (18.2 – 32.3) 24.5 (21.2 – 27.7)
  25–34 28.6 (24.5 – 32.7) 28.9 (20.8 – 37.1) 28.3 (24.4 – 32.2)
  35–44 21.1 (18.4 – 23.8) 20.8 (16.5 – 25.2) 21.3 (18.8 – 23.7)
  45–54 13.4 (11.8 – 15.1) 13.3 (10.4 – 16.2) 13.5 (11.5 – 15.5)
  55–64 7.1 (5.9 – 8.2) 7.2 (5.4 – 9.0) 7.0 (5.8 – 8.2)
  ≥65 5.0 (3.5 – 6.5) 4.5 (2.8 – 6.2) 5.5 (4.0 – 6.9)
Education (years)
  0–8 50.1 (42.8 – 57.5) 51.9 (43.3 – 60.5) 48.6 (41.3 – 55.8)
  9–11 31.3 (27.5 – 35.2) 29.3 (24.6 – 34.1) 33.1 (28.9 – 37.3)
  ≥ 12 18.5 (10.3 – 26.8) 18.8 (10.0 – 27.6) 18.3 (10.0 – 26.6)
Per capita income (minimal wages)
  < 0.5 31.6 (24.3 – 38.9) 23.9 (15.5 – 32.2) 38.4 (29.9 – 47.0)
  0.5–1.0 25.1 (20.3 – 29.9) 25.1 (17.8 – 32.4) 25.2 (20.6 – 29.8)
  > 1.0 43.3 (33.9 – 52.6) 51.1 (40.6 – 61.6) 36.3 (26.3 – 46.4)
Marital status
  Single 35.0 (30.8 – 39.2) 40.0 (32.7 – 47.3) 30.6 (26.5 – 34.6)
  Married/living with partner 56.4 (52.4 – 60.4) 54.6 (47.1 – 62.1) 58.0 (53.3 – 62.6)
  Widowed/separated 8.6 (6.9 – 10.3) 5.4 (2.7 – 8.0) 11.4 (9.3 – 13.6)
Skin color
  Black 14.1 (11.1 – 17.1) 15.6 (10.7 – 20.5) 12.1 (7.9 – 16.4)
  Mixed (“pardo”) 44.8 (38.6 – 51.0) 47.2 (37.8 – 56.6) 42.7 (37.1 – 48.3)
  White 30.3 (23.5 – 37.2) 28.0 (18.9 – 37.2) 32.3 (26.3 – 38.3)
  Others 10.8 (6.3 – 15.2) 9.2 (3.7 – 14.7) 12.1 (7.9 – 16.4)
  1. a Weighted to represent distributions of population aged 18 years or older, according to gender, age and education based on Brazilian national census for the year 2000.