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Table 1 Clinical and Biochemical parameters in diabetic patients and control subjects.

From: Effect of Physical Exercise on Bone Density and Remodeling in Egyptian Type 1 Diabetic Osteopenic Adolescents

Clinical parameters Controls (n = 38) Patients (n = 24)
Age (yr) 16.97 ± 1.88
(14-20)
17.17 ± 2.01
(14 - 20)
Duration (yr) ---------------------- 7.5 ± 2.7
(4-14)
Weight percentile 30.43 ± 22.28
(3 - 60)
41.42 ± 28.17
(3-77)
Height percentile 31.43 ± 26.59
(3-75)
27.46 ± 26.51
(3-90)
Biochemical markers   
Serum calcium (mg/dl) 9 ± 0.22
(8.8 - 9.4)
9.12 ± 0.19
(8.8 - 9.5)
Serum phosphorus (mg/dl) 3.7 ± 0.19
(3.5 - 4)
3.75 ± 0.28
(3.1 - 4.5)
Serum alkaline phosphatase (U/L) 190.86 ± 44.72
(153 - 273)
245.9 ± 137.23
(115 - 803)
Urinary calcium (mg/g creatinine) 181 ± 31.9
(132 - 222)
187.75 ± 38.9
(112 - 266)
Urinary phosphorus (mg/g creatinine) 680.9 ± 216.1
(375 - 943)
721.4 ± 179
(369 - 985)
Serum P1NP (ug/dl) 64.96 ± 34.89
(21.9 - 166.6)
20.11 ± 6.72
(11.5 - 33.9)*
Bone densitometry   
Bone mineral density (g/cm2) 0.98 ± 0.12
(0.86-1.12)
0.87 ± 0.10
(0.70-1.13)*