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Table 2 Univariate and multivariable analysis for factors associated with anxiety among study participants

From: Anxiety and depression among outpatients with type 2 diabetes: A multi-centre study of prevalence and associated factors

Characteristics Had anxiety n (%) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI)
Sex   0.168    
   Male 229 (60.6)   1.0 -- --
   Female 286 (56.0)   0.83 (0.63-1.08)   
Age   0.230    
   Up to 50 years 216 (55.7)   1.0 -- --
   > 50 years 299 (59.7)   1.18 (0.90-1.54)   
Marital status   0.405    
   Living with spouse 457 (58.4)   1.0 -- --
   Not living with spouse 58 (54.2)   0.84 (0.56-1.26)   
Education   0.148    
   Up to 5 years of schooling 258 (60.4)   1.0 -- --
   > 5 years of schooling 257 (55.6)   0.82 (0.63-1.07)   
Duration of disease   0.365    
   Less than 5 years 202 (56.1)   1.0 -- - -
   More than 5 years 313 (59.2)   1.13 (0.86-1.49)   
Taking treatment   0.354    
   Single drug therapy 218 (56.2)   1.0 -- - -
   Multiple drug therapy 297 (59.3)   1.14 (0.87-1.49)   
Physically active   0.001   0.009  
   Yes 156 (50.6)   1.0   1.0
   No 359 (61.8)   1.58 (1.19-2.08)   1.47 (1.01-1.97)
Having Hypertension   < 0.001   0.004  
   No 277 (52.7)   1.0   1.0
   Yes 238 (65.6)   1.71 (1.29-2.26)   1.52 (1.14-2.03)
Having IHD   < 0.001   < 0.001  
   No 340 (50.5)   1.0   1.0
   Yes 175 (81.0)   4.18 (2.88-6.07)   3.83 (2.63-5.58)