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Table 1 Biochemical criteria for DKA definition and categorization [12, 16]

From: Alternative management of diabetic ketoacidosis in a Brazilian pediatric emergency department

  DKA
  mild moderate severe
Blood glucose (mg/dl) > 200 >200 >200
Serum pH < 7.3 < 7.2 < 7.1
Serum bicarbonate (mEq/L) < 15 < 10 < 5
Ketonemia (mmol/L) > 3 > 3 > 3
Ketonuria present present present
Serum osmolality (mOsm/kg) variable variable variable
Anion gap (normal = 12 ± 2 mEq/L) > 12 >12 >12