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Table 1 Indices of adiposity and metabolic markers at baseline survey and at follow-up 5 years later.

From: Disassociated relation between plasma tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and increased body weight in Amerindian women: A long-term prospective study of natural body weight variation and impaired glucose tolerance

  Baseline Follow - up
N 73 73
Age (y) 40.8 ± 10.8  
Body weight (kg) 60.0 ± 13.9 63.1 ± 15.0***
Waist (cm) 84.1 ± 12.5 91.3***
BMI (kg/m2) 25.9 ± 5.5 27.2***
Percentage fat mass (%) 35.2 ± 5.4 36.7 ± 5.1**
Fat mass kg 23.1 ± 8.1 23.7 ± 8.0**
P-glucose (mmol/L) 4.12 ± 0.45 5.01 ± 1.25***
Insulin (pmol/L) 80.9 ± 42.6 83.4 ± 62.9
HOMA -IR 15.2 ± 9.1 19.0 ± 15.5**
Interleukin-6 (pg/mL) 2.03 ± 2.49 1.89 ± 1.50
TNF-α(pg/mL) 4.43 ± 5.98 3.35 ± 3.85**
  1. All values are means ± SD. HOMA-IR = homeostasis model of assessment ratio. TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor alpha. Significant differences during the follow-up period are represented by < 0.05*, < 0.01** and < 0.001*** (Wilcoxon signed rank test).